Ecological Validity of the Screening Module and the Daily Living Tests of the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery Using the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory-4 in Postacute Brain Injury Rehabilitation

Dennis J. Zgaljardic, Sybil Yancy, Richard O. Temple, Monica F. Watford, Rebekah Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The assessment of ecological validity of neuropsychological measures is an area of growing interest, particularly in the postacute brain injury rehabilitation (PABIR) setting, as there is an increasing demand for clinicians to address functional and real-world outcomes. In the current study, we assessed the predictive value of the Screening module and the Daily Living tests of the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NAB) using clinician ratings from the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory-4 (MPAI-4) in patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury. Method: Forty-seven individuals were each administered the NAB Screening module (NAB-SM) and the NAB Daily Living (NAB-DL) tests following admission to a residential PABIR program. MPAI-4 ratings were also obtained at admission. Linear regression analysis was used to examine the association between these functional and neuropsychological assessment measures. Results: We replicated prior work (Temple at al., 2009) and expanded evidence for the ecological validity of the NAB-SM. Furthermore, our findings support the ecological validity of the NAB-DL Bill Payment, Judgment, and Map Reading tests with regards to functional skills and real-world activities. Conclusions: The current study supports prior work from our lab assessing the predictive value of the NAB-SM, as well as provides evidence for the ecological validity for select NAB-DL tests in patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury admitted to a residential PABIR program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)359-365
Number of pages7
JournalRehabilitation Psychology
Volume56
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2011

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Neuropsychological Tests
Brain Injuries
Rehabilitation
Equipment and Supplies
Reading
Linear Models
Regression Analysis
Traumatic Brain Injury

Keywords

  • Ecological validity
  • Neuropsychological assessment
  • Outcomes assessment
  • Postacute brain injury rehabilitation
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Ecological Validity of the Screening Module and the Daily Living Tests of the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery Using the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory-4 in Postacute Brain Injury Rehabilitation. / Zgaljardic, Dennis J.; Yancy, Sybil; Temple, Richard O.; Watford, Monica F.; Miller, Rebekah.

In: Rehabilitation Psychology, Vol. 56, No. 4, 11.2011, p. 359-365.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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