Effect of dietary supplementation of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) rich fish oil on reproductive performance of the goat (Capra hircus)

Ajit Singh Mahla, Ravjibhai K. Chaudhari, Atul Kumar Verma, Amit Kumar Singh, Sanjay Kumar Singh, Gyanendra Singh, Mihir Sarkar, Narayan Dutta, Harendra Kumar, Narayanan Krishnaswamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Dietary supplementation of n-3 PUFA decreases the luteolytic PGF and improves the pregnancy rate in the dairy cow. However, its effect in the goat is not known. Accordingly, we studied the effect of supplementation of n-3 PUFA rich Fish oil (FO) on different reproductive events in the goat. Cycling goats (n = 30) were divided into two equal groups and fed an isocaloric and isonitrogenous diet supplemented with either FO (TRT; n = 15) or palm oil (PO) (CON; n = 15) @ 0.6 mL/kg body weight for 72 days during the breeding season. Estrus synchronization was done on day 25 and 36 of supplementation using two PG regimen and the goats in estrus were bred. Mean interval from PGF administration to the onset of estrus was 12 h longer (P < 0.05) in the TRT group than that of CON. The number of preovulatory follicles (POF) and ovulation rate was significantly higher in FO supplemented goats (P < 0.05) by 39.64 and 41.35%, respectively. Though the corpus luteum diameter was significantly higher (P < 0.05) on day 5, 8 and 11 post-breeding in the TRT group, mean serum progesterone (P4) did not differ significantly (P > 0.05). Mean concentration of serum estradiol (E2) was significantly (P < 0.01) lower in the FO supplemented group during day 0–60 post-breeding which could be due to significantly low serum cholesterol (P < 0.01). Though the serum concentration of PGF metabolite (PGFM) and PGE2 metabolite (PGEM) in the pregnant goats was significantly (P < 0.05) lower in the TRT group on day 16 and 17 post-breeding, the ratio of PGEM to PGFM remained unaffected suggesting a favourable effect of FO supplementation on the early pregnancy. The number of embryos, twinning rate and kidding rate were high in FO supplemented group though it was non-significant. However, gestation length, birth weight of kids and neonatal behaviour were comparable between the groups (P > 0.05). In conclusion, supplementation of n-3 PUFA rich FO significantly increased the number of POF and ovulation rate with numerical increase in the kidding rate. Further, it decreased the serum E2 and PGFM during the critical window of pregnancy recognition in the doe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-89
Number of pages11
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Fish oil
  • Goat
  • PGFM
  • Preovulatory follicle
  • n-3 PUFA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals
  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Equine


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