Effect of endotoxemia in mice genetically deficient in cystathionine-γ-lyase, cystathionine-β-synthase or 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase

Akbar Ahmad, Domokos Gerö, Gabor Olah, Csaba Szabo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been proposed to exert pro-as well as antiinflammatory effects in various models of critical illness. In this study, we compared bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced changes in inflammatory mediator production, indices of multiple organ injury and survival in wild-type (WT) mice and in mice with reduced expression of one of the three H2S-producing enzymes, cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE), cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS) or 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (3MST). Mice were injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) with LPS (10 mg/kg). After 6 h, the animals were sacrificed, blood and organs were collected and the following parameters were evaluated: blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels in blood, myeloperoxidase (MPO) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the lung, cytokine levels in plasma and the expression of the three H2S-producing enzymes (CBS, CSE and 3MST) in the spleen, lung, liver and kidney. LPS induced a tissue-dependent upregulation of some of the H2S-producing enzymes in WT mice (upregulation of CBS in the spleen, upregulation of 3MST in the liver and upregulation of CBS, CSE and 3MST in the lung). Moreover, LPS impaired glomerular function, as evidenced by increased BUN levels. Renal impairment was comparable in the CSE-/- and -3MST mice after LPS challenge; however, it was attenuated in the CBS+/- mice. MPO levels (an index of neutrophil infiltration) and MDA levels (an index of oxidative stress) in lung homogenates were significantly increased in response to LPS; these effects were similar in the WT, CBS+/-, CSE-/- and -3MST mice; however, the MDA levels tended to be lower in the CBS+/- and CSE-/- mice. LPS induced significant increases in the plasma levels of multiple cytokines [tumor necrosis factor (TNF)α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12 and interferon (IFN)γ] in plasma; TNFα, IL-10 and IL-12 levels tended to be lower in all three groups of animals expressing lower levels of H2S-producing enzymes. The survival rates after the LPS challenge did not show any significant differences between the four animal groups tested. Thus, the findings of this study indicate that a deficiency in 3MST does not significantly affect endotoxemia, while a deficiency in CBS or CSE slightly ameliorates the outcome of LPS-induced endotoxemia in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1683-1692
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Medicine
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

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Cystathionine
Lyases
Endotoxemia
Lipopolysaccharides
Up-Regulation
Malondialdehyde
Lung
Blood Urea Nitrogen
Enzymes
Interleukin-12
Interleukin-10
Peroxidase
Spleen
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Homocystinuria
Cytokines
Kidney
3-mercaptopyruvic acid
Tissue Survival
Hydrogen Sulfide

Keywords

  • Hydrogen sulphide
  • Inflammation
  • Nitric oxide
  • Shock

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

Cite this

Effect of endotoxemia in mice genetically deficient in cystathionine-γ-lyase, cystathionine-β-synthase or 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase. / Ahmad, Akbar; Gerö, Domokos; Olah, Gabor; Szabo, Csaba.

In: International Journal of Molecular Medicine, Vol. 38, No. 6, 01.12.2016, p. 1683-1692.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been proposed to exert pro-as well as antiinflammatory effects in various models of critical illness. In this study, we compared bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced changes in inflammatory mediator production, indices of multiple organ injury and survival in wild-type (WT) mice and in mice with reduced expression of one of the three H2S-producing enzymes, cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE), cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS) or 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (3MST). Mice were injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) with LPS (10 mg/kg). After 6 h, the animals were sacrificed, blood and organs were collected and the following parameters were evaluated: blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels in blood, myeloperoxidase (MPO) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the lung, cytokine levels in plasma and the expression of the three H2S-producing enzymes (CBS, CSE and 3MST) in the spleen, lung, liver and kidney. LPS induced a tissue-dependent upregulation of some of the H2S-producing enzymes in WT mice (upregulation of CBS in the spleen, upregulation of 3MST in the liver and upregulation of CBS, CSE and 3MST in the lung). Moreover, LPS impaired glomerular function, as evidenced by increased BUN levels. Renal impairment was comparable in the CSE-/- and -3MST mice after LPS challenge; however, it was attenuated in the CBS+/- mice. MPO levels (an index of neutrophil infiltration) and MDA levels (an index of oxidative stress) in lung homogenates were significantly increased in response to LPS; these effects were similar in the WT, CBS+/-, CSE-/- and -3MST mice; however, the MDA levels tended to be lower in the CBS+/- and CSE-/- mice. LPS induced significant increases in the plasma levels of multiple cytokines [tumor necrosis factor (TNF)α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12 and interferon (IFN)γ] in plasma; TNFα, IL-10 and IL-12 levels tended to be lower in all three groups of animals expressing lower levels of H2S-producing enzymes. The survival rates after the LPS challenge did not show any significant differences between the four animal groups tested. Thus, the findings of this study indicate that a deficiency in 3MST does not significantly affect endotoxemia, while a deficiency in CBS or CSE slightly ameliorates the outcome of LPS-induced endotoxemia in vivo.",
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