Background: Plasma viral load has become an important test in predicting the progress of HIV-1 infected patients. The higher the viral load the faster is the progression to AIDS. As HIV-1 infected hemodialysis (HD) patients have higher mortality and morbidity than HIV-1 infected non-dialysis patients, and as all the blood tests in the HD patients are drawn during HD, we measured the effect of HD and antiretroviral therapy on viral load in HIV-1 infected HD patients. Patients and methods: We measured plasma viral load pre-dialysis and post-dialysis in 10 HIV-1 infected HD patients. The viral load was measured using an in vitro quantitative nucleic acid amplification test. We also compared viral load in 8 HIV-1 infected HD patients on one antiretroviral drug with 8 HIV-1 patients on two (6) or three (2) antiretroviral drugs. Results: There was a small reduction in plasma viral load postdialysis in all HIV-1 infected HD patients (45% ± 5.4, 0.3 log ± 0.05, p < 0.0004). However, HIV-1 RNA could not be detected in the ultrafiltrate. The patients who were on two or three antiretroviral drugs had lower viral load (8915 ± 3702 vs. 351440 ± 101237, p < 0.004) and higher CD4 count (355 ± 81 vs 82 ± 39, p < 0.009) than patients on only one antiretroviral drug. Conclusion: We conclude that there is a small reduction in plasma viral load in HIV-1 infected hemodialysis patients post-dialysis. As no viral RNA could be detected in the ultrafiltrate, the reduction could be due to nonspecific adsorption of the viral RNA to the dialysis membrane. HIV-1 infected hemodialysis patients who are on two or three antiretroviral drugs had significantly lower viral load and higher CD4 count than patients on only single antiretroviral drug. Therefore a single antiretroviral drug should not be used in treating HIV-1 infected HD patients.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Jan 20 1999|
- Antiretroviral drugs
- Plasma viral load
ASJC Scopus subject areas