Effect of histamine on phasic and tonic contractions of isolated uterine tissue from pregnant women

Egle Bytautiene, Yuri P. Vedernikov, George R. Saade, Roberto Romero, Robert E. Garfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To enhance our understanding of the uterotonic effect of histamine, we compared the effects of histamine on spontaneous phasic and tonic contractile activity of uterine strips from term pregnant nonlaboring women. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal uterine strips were used from the lower uterine segment of term pregnant nonlaboring women undergoing elective cesarean section. The concentration-response relationship to histamine (10-8 to 10-4 mol/L) was determined in spontaneously contracting strips or in strips contracted tonically with a protein kinase C activator (-)-indolactam V in the presence of H1 receptor antagonist (S[+]-chlorpheniramine maleate), H2 receptor antagonist (cimetidine), or solvent. RESULTS: Histamine increased spontaneous phasic myometrial contractions in a concentration-dependent manner. H1, but not H2, receptor antagonist significantly attenuated the response to histamine. Histamine significantly reduced tonic contractions of uterine strips induced by indolactam V. H1 histamine receptor antagonist abolished relaxation, whereas H2 histamine receptor antagonist had no effect. CONCLUSION: Histamine increases spontaneous, but inhibits tonic, contractions of uterine strips from term pregnant nonlaboring women. Both effects are mediated through activation of H1 receptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)774-778
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume188
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003

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Keywords

  • Contractility
  • Histamine
  • Histamine receptors
  • Human myometrium
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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