Effect of inhibiting leukocyte integrin (Cd18) and selectin (l-selectin) on susceptibility to infection with pseudomonas aeruginosa

Nilda M. Garcia, William J. Mileski, Patricia Sikes, Luis Atiles, Ellis Lightfoot, Peter Lipsky, Charles Baxter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Leukocyte (WBC) adherence to endothelial cells has been implicated in the pathogenesis of microvascular injury. The process of leukocyte adherence is mediated by both the integrin and selectin families of molecules, and their interaction with specific endothelial ligands. Antibodies directed against the leukocyte integrin CD 18 and L-selectin have been developed and functionally inhibit leukocyte adherence in models of inflammatory injury. We asked the question: Does inhibition of leukocyte adherence by administration of monoclonal antibody directed against either CD18, integrins (R15.7, R7.1) or against L-selectin (DREG 200) increase susceptibility to infection? New Zealand white rabbits were shaved and injected subcutaneously on their dorsum with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC#27853) at two sites each of 10s and 107 colony forming units. Animals were monitored with daily determination of weight, temperature, WBC counts, hematocrit, and killed at 1 week for determination of abscess formation. There were four blinded experimental groups: (1) Saline (2 mL/kg); (2) DREG 200 (2 mg/kg); (3) R7.1 (2 mg/kg); or (4) R15.7 (2 mg/ kg). At the 107 and 10s injection sites the R15.7 group had an increased rate and size of abscess formation compared with controls. The R7.1 group had an increased rate at the 10s injection site. There was no significant difference in the percentage of the abscess formation or mean area between the controls and DREG 200-treated groups. We conclude that giving antibody to CD18 increased susceptibility to infection while giving antibody to L-selectin does not.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)714-719
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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