Background: Ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury during liver resection leads to the production of toxic free radicals and oxidants that influence the microcirculation. DNA single-strand breaks can be induced by these reactive species. In response to excessive DNA damage, PARP [poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase] becomes overactivated, which can lead to cellular ATP depletion and cell death. The aim of our study was to evaluate whether PARP is expressed in post-ischemic liver, and to examine the effect of the administration of PJ-34 PARP inhibitor on liver function, histopathology, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling (TUNEL) reaction, and the oxidative state of the liver after injury. Methods: Male Wistar rats (weighing 250 g) underwent 60 min of normothermic, segmental liver ischemia followed by 30 min of reperfusion. The animals (n = 45) were divided into three groups: sham operated; I-R (control) treated with saline; and PJ-34 pre-treated (10 mg/kg i.v.). Hepatic microcirculation was monitored by a laser Doppler flowmeter. The reperfusion was characterized as the integral of the reperfusion area (RA) and the maximal plateau (PM). Histological alterations, TUNEL-reaction, serum, and liver tissue antioxidant levels, as well as serum ALT and AST levels were measured. Results: Upon reperfusion, the PJ-34 group had significantly (P < 0.05) higher flow rates than control groups (PMPJ-34: 58%, PMcontrol: 37%; RAPJ-34.: 48%, RAcontrol: 25%). At the end of the 30 min reperfusion, PJ-34 resulted in significantly (P < 0.05) lower serum ALT and AST levels and chemiluminescent intensity (free radicals) of the liver. The liver's free SH-group concentration and H-donor ability of the plasma was elevated in the PARP-inhibitor treated group. Positive staining for TUNEL, after PJ-34 pre-treatment was significantly increased (P < 0.05); in contrast, the control tissues were less positively stained for TUNEL but necrotic tissue was abundant. Conclusion: PARP plays a pathogenetic role in the deterioration of the hepatic microcirculation and promotes hepatocellular necrosis in liver reperfusion injury.
- laser Doppler flowmeter
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