Effect of repeated electroconvulsive shock on striatal L-DOPA and dopamine metabolism

an in vivo study

T. Brannan, J. Martínez-Tica, M. D. Yahr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A course of treatments with electroconvulsive shock (ECS) has been reported to reestablish L-dopa efficacy in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease. We wished to determine if ECS could modify L-dopa and dopamine metabolism in an animal model of Parkinson's disease. Therefore, we administered repeated ECS (8 ECS at 48 hr intervals) to rats with partial destruction of the nigrostriatal dopamine pathway and used the cerebral microdialysis technique to monitor extracellular concentrations of dopamine and dopamine metabolites (DOPAC and HVA) in the corpus striatum. The control group of animals received sham-ECS treatments. Basal dopamine levels were decreased by 20% in animals receiving repeated-ECS versus sham-ECS. DOPAC levels, on the other hand, were increased by 84% in animals receiving repeated-ECS. HVA levels were equal in the two groups. Following L-dopa administration, dopamine and HVA levels increased equally in control animals and animals which had previously received repeated-ECS. DOPAC concentrations were uniformly greater in rats receiving repeated-ECS. When ECS was administered acutely, dopamine levels increased 390% and returned to baseline values in 75 minutes, DOPAC and HVA were unchanged, and 5HIAA levels decreased 30%. We conclude that 1) acute ECS administration produces a transient, marked release of striatal dopamine and 2) repeated ECS can reset the level of basal dopamine release, a finding compatible with ECS-induced dopamine receptor supersensitivity, and 3) neither single nor repeated administration of ECS has a major effect on the formation of dopamine or HVA from exogenously administered L-dopa although there was a strong tendency for increased DOPAC formation. ECS may exert its putative antiparkinsonian effect by enhancing dopamine receptor sensitivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-44
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neural Transmission - Parkinson's Disease and Dementia Section
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1993
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Corpus Striatum
Electroshock
Dopamine
3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid
Levodopa
Dopamine Receptors
Parkinson Disease
Antiparkinson Agents
Microdialysis

Keywords

  • cerebral microdialysis
  • dopamine
  • electroconvulsive therapy
  • L-dopa
  • Parkinson's disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Effect of repeated electroconvulsive shock on striatal L-DOPA and dopamine metabolism : an in vivo study. / Brannan, T.; Martínez-Tica, J.; Yahr, M. D.

In: Journal of Neural Transmission - Parkinson's Disease and Dementia Section, Vol. 6, No. 1, 02.1993, p. 35-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "A course of treatments with electroconvulsive shock (ECS) has been reported to reestablish L-dopa efficacy in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease. We wished to determine if ECS could modify L-dopa and dopamine metabolism in an animal model of Parkinson's disease. Therefore, we administered repeated ECS (8 ECS at 48 hr intervals) to rats with partial destruction of the nigrostriatal dopamine pathway and used the cerebral microdialysis technique to monitor extracellular concentrations of dopamine and dopamine metabolites (DOPAC and HVA) in the corpus striatum. The control group of animals received sham-ECS treatments. Basal dopamine levels were decreased by 20{\%} in animals receiving repeated-ECS versus sham-ECS. DOPAC levels, on the other hand, were increased by 84{\%} in animals receiving repeated-ECS. HVA levels were equal in the two groups. Following L-dopa administration, dopamine and HVA levels increased equally in control animals and animals which had previously received repeated-ECS. DOPAC concentrations were uniformly greater in rats receiving repeated-ECS. When ECS was administered acutely, dopamine levels increased 390{\%} and returned to baseline values in 75 minutes, DOPAC and HVA were unchanged, and 5HIAA levels decreased 30{\%}. We conclude that 1) acute ECS administration produces a transient, marked release of striatal dopamine and 2) repeated ECS can reset the level of basal dopamine release, a finding compatible with ECS-induced dopamine receptor supersensitivity, and 3) neither single nor repeated administration of ECS has a major effect on the formation of dopamine or HVA from exogenously administered L-dopa although there was a strong tendency for increased DOPAC formation. ECS may exert its putative antiparkinsonian effect by enhancing dopamine receptor sensitivity.",
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