Effect of severe burn injury on substrate cycling by glucose and fatty acids

R. R. Wolfe, David Herndon, F. Jahoor, H. Miyoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

322 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Increases in metabolic rate and core temperature are common responses to severe injury. We have investigated the hypothesis that these responses are due to increases in substrate cycling. A substrate cycle exists when opposing, nonequilibrium reactions catalyzed by different enzymes are operating simultaneously. At least one of the reactions must involve the hydrolysis of ATP. Thus, a substrate cycle both liberates heat and increases energy expenditure, yet there is no net conversion of substrate to product. In studies in volunteers (n = 18) and in patients with severe burns who were in a hypermetabolic state (n =18), we used stable-isotope tracers to quantify substrate cycling in the pathways of glycolysis and gluconeogenesis and a cycle involving the simultaneous breakdown and synthesis of stored triglyceride (triglyceride-fatty acid cycle). The total rates of triglyceride-fatty acid and glycolytic-gluconeogenic cycling were elevated in the patients by 450 and 250 percent, respectively (P<0.01). An infusion of propranolol in the patients greatly reduced triglyceride-fatty acid cycling but did not affect gluconeogenic-glycolytic cycling. We conclude that increased substrate cycling contributes to the increased thermogenesis and energy expenditure following severe burns and that the increased triglyceride-fatty acid cycling is due to beta-adrenergic stimulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)403-408
Number of pages6
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Volume317
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1987

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Substrate Cycling
Triglycerides
Fatty Acids
Glucose
Wounds and Injuries
Burns
Energy Metabolism
Gluconeogenesis
Thermogenesis
Glycolysis
Propranolol
Isotopes
Adrenergic Agents
Volunteers
Hydrolysis
Hot Temperature
Adenosine Triphosphate
Temperature
Enzymes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Wolfe, R. R., Herndon, D., Jahoor, F., & Miyoshi, H. (1987). Effect of severe burn injury on substrate cycling by glucose and fatty acids. New England Journal of Medicine, 317(7), 403-408.

Effect of severe burn injury on substrate cycling by glucose and fatty acids. / Wolfe, R. R.; Herndon, David; Jahoor, F.; Miyoshi, H.

In: New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 317, No. 7, 1987, p. 403-408.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wolfe, RR, Herndon, D, Jahoor, F & Miyoshi, H 1987, 'Effect of severe burn injury on substrate cycling by glucose and fatty acids', New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 317, no. 7, pp. 403-408.
Wolfe, R. R. ; Herndon, David ; Jahoor, F. ; Miyoshi, H. / Effect of severe burn injury on substrate cycling by glucose and fatty acids. In: New England Journal of Medicine. 1987 ; Vol. 317, No. 7. pp. 403-408.
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