Effectiveness of commercially-available antibiotic-impregnated implants

Joseph C. Wenke, B. D. Owens, S. J. Svoboda, D. E. Brooks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of antibiotic-impregnated implants in the prevention of bone infection. We used a model of contaminated fracture in goats to evaluate four treatment groups: no treatment, hand-made tobramycin-impregnated polymethylmethacrylate beads, commercially-available tobramycin-impregnated calcium sulphate pellets and commercially-available tobramycin-impregnated polymethylmethacrylate beads. Three weeks after intraosseous inoculation with streptomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureurs tissue cultures showed no evidence of infection in any of the antibiotic-treated groups. All of the cultures were positive in the untreated group. These results show that effective local antibiotic delivery can be obtained with both commercially-available products and with hand-made polymethylmethacrylate, beads. The calcium sulphate pellets have the advantage of being bioabsorbable, thereby obviating the need for a second procedure to remove them.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1102-1104
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series B
Volume88
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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