Effects of a 12-wk resistance exercise program on skeletal muscle strength in children with burn injuries

Oscar Suman, Ricarda J. Spies, Mario M. Celis, Ronald P. Mlcak, David Herndon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

141 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The posttraumatic response to burn injury leads to marked and prolonged skeletal muscle catabolism and weakness, which persist despite standard rehabilitation programs of occupational and physical therapy. We investigated whether a resistance exercise program would attenuate muscle loss and weakness that is typically found in children with thermal injury. We assessed the changes in leg muscle strength and lean body mass in severely burned children with >40% total body surface area burned. Patients were randomized to a 12-wk standard hospital rehabilitation program supplemented with an exercise training program (n = 19) or to a home-based rehabilitation program without exercise (n = 16). Leg muscle strength was assessed before and after the 12-wk rehabilitation or training program at an isokinetic speed of 150°/s. Lean body mass was assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. We found that the participation in a resistance exercise program results in a significant improvement in muscle strength, power, and lean body mass relative to a standard rehabilitation program without exercise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1168-1175
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume91
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Muscle Strength
Skeletal Muscle
Rehabilitation
Exercise
Wounds and Injuries
Muscle Weakness
Leg
Education
Occupational Therapy
Body Surface Area
Photon Absorptiometry
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • Burns
  • Isokinetic strength
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Effects of a 12-wk resistance exercise program on skeletal muscle strength in children with burn injuries. / Suman, Oscar; Spies, Ricarda J.; Celis, Mario M.; Mlcak, Ronald P.; Herndon, David.

In: Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 91, No. 3, 2001, p. 1168-1175.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Suman, Oscar ; Spies, Ricarda J. ; Celis, Mario M. ; Mlcak, Ronald P. ; Herndon, David. / Effects of a 12-wk resistance exercise program on skeletal muscle strength in children with burn injuries. In: Journal of Applied Physiology. 2001 ; Vol. 91, No. 3. pp. 1168-1175.
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