Effects of a Geriatric Assessment Intervention on Patient-Reported Symptomatic Toxicity in Older Adults With Advanced Cancer

Eva Culakova, Supriya G. Mohile, Luke Peppone, Erika Ramsdale, Mostafa Mohamed, Huiwen Xu, Megan Wells, Rachael Tylock, Jim Java, Kah Poh Loh, Allison Magnuson, Leah Jamieson, Victor Vogel, Paul R. Duberstein, Benjamin P. Chapman, William Dale, Marie Anne Flannery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSEProviding a geriatric assessment (GA) summary with management recommendations to oncologists reduces clinician-rated toxicity in older patients with advanced cancer receiving treatment. This secondary analysis of a national cluster randomized clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02054741) aims to assess the effects of a GA intervention on symptomatic toxicity measured by Patient-Reported Outcomes Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (PRO-CTCAE).METHODSFrom 2014 to 2019, the study enrolled patients age ≥ 70 years, with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma and ≥ 1 GA domain impairment, who were initiating a regimen with high prevalence of toxicity. Patients completed PRO-CTCAEs, including the severity of 24 symptoms (11 classified as core symptoms) at enrollment, 4-6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months. Symptoms were scored as grade ≥ 2 (at least moderate) and grade ≥ 3 (severe/very severe). Symptomatic toxicity was determined by an increase in severity during treatment. A generalized estimating equation model was used to assess the effects of the GA intervention on symptomatic toxicity.RESULTSMean age was 77 years (range, 70-96 years), 43% were female, and 88% were White, 59% had GI or lung cancers, and 27% received prior chemotherapy. In 706 patients who provided PRO-CTCAEs at baseline, 86.1% reported at least one moderate symptom and 49.7% reported severe/very severe symptoms at regimen initiation. In 623 patients with follow-up PRO-CTCAE data, compared with usual care, fewer patients in the GA intervention arm reported grade ≥ 2 symptomatic toxicity (overall: 88.9% v 94.8%, P =.035; core symptoms: 83.4% v 91.7%, P =.001). The results for grade ≥ 3 toxicity were comparable but not significant (P >.05).CONCLUSIONIn the presence of a high baseline symptom burden, a GA intervention for older patients with advanced cancer reduces patient-reported symptomatic toxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)835-846
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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