Effects of aldose reductase inhibitor sorbinil on neuroaxonal dystrophy and levels of myo-inositol and sorbitol in sympathetic autonomic ganglia of streptozocin-induced diabetic rats

R. E. Schmidt, S. B. Plurad, W. R. Sherman, J. R. Williamson, Ronald Tilton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biochemical and ultrastructural effects of the aldose reductase inhibitor sorbinil were examined in two experimental rat models of chronic diabetic neuropathy: rats with streptozocin-induced diabetes (STZ-D) and rats fed a galactose-enriched diet. The frequency of neuroaxonal dystrophy in the superior mesenteric sympathetic ganglia of rats with untreated 8-mo STZ-D increased sevenfold compared with that in age-matched controls. Animals chronically maintained on a diet containing 50% galactose, however, did not develop neuroaxonal dystrophy in excess of that found in untreated age-matched control rats. Institution of sorbinil therapy at the time of induction of STZ-D decreased, but did not completely normalize, the frequency of neuroaxonal dystrophy without altering the severity of diabetes; this finding is based on measurements of plasma glucose, body weight, food consumption, 24-h urine volume, and levels of glycosylated hemoglobin. Sorbitol levels in the superior cervical sympathetic ganglia (SCG) of untreated 8-mo-diabetic animals increased three- to fourfold compared with levels in controls. The increase in sorbitol content of diabetic SCG was completely prevented by early institution of dietary sorbinil therapy. The myo-inositol content of 8-mo-diabetic SCG was modestly decreased compared with controls. Sorbinil administration improved but did not completely normalize diabetic SCG myo-inositol. The sorbitol content of the SCG, superior mesenteric and celiac sympathetic ganglia, and a major trunk of the superior mesenteric nerve of short-term (2.5-mo)-diabetic rats increased comparably, but only the diabetic SCG showed a decrease in myo-inositol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)569-579
Number of pages11
JournalDiabetes
Volume38
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

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Neuroaxonal Dystrophies
Autonomic Ganglia
Aldehyde Reductase
Sympathetic Ganglia
Sorbitol
Inositol
Streptozocin
Experimental Diabetes Mellitus
Galactose
Diet
sorbinil
Superior Cervical Ganglion
Diabetic Neuropathies
Glycosylated Hemoglobin A
Theoretical Models
Body Weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Effects of aldose reductase inhibitor sorbinil on neuroaxonal dystrophy and levels of myo-inositol and sorbitol in sympathetic autonomic ganglia of streptozocin-induced diabetic rats. / Schmidt, R. E.; Plurad, S. B.; Sherman, W. R.; Williamson, J. R.; Tilton, Ronald.

In: Diabetes, Vol. 38, No. 5, 1989, p. 569-579.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schmidt, R. E. ; Plurad, S. B. ; Sherman, W. R. ; Williamson, J. R. ; Tilton, Ronald. / Effects of aldose reductase inhibitor sorbinil on neuroaxonal dystrophy and levels of myo-inositol and sorbitol in sympathetic autonomic ganglia of streptozocin-induced diabetic rats. In: Diabetes. 1989 ; Vol. 38, No. 5. pp. 569-579.
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abstract = "Biochemical and ultrastructural effects of the aldose reductase inhibitor sorbinil were examined in two experimental rat models of chronic diabetic neuropathy: rats with streptozocin-induced diabetes (STZ-D) and rats fed a galactose-enriched diet. The frequency of neuroaxonal dystrophy in the superior mesenteric sympathetic ganglia of rats with untreated 8-mo STZ-D increased sevenfold compared with that in age-matched controls. Animals chronically maintained on a diet containing 50{\%} galactose, however, did not develop neuroaxonal dystrophy in excess of that found in untreated age-matched control rats. Institution of sorbinil therapy at the time of induction of STZ-D decreased, but did not completely normalize, the frequency of neuroaxonal dystrophy without altering the severity of diabetes; this finding is based on measurements of plasma glucose, body weight, food consumption, 24-h urine volume, and levels of glycosylated hemoglobin. Sorbitol levels in the superior cervical sympathetic ganglia (SCG) of untreated 8-mo-diabetic animals increased three- to fourfold compared with levels in controls. The increase in sorbitol content of diabetic SCG was completely prevented by early institution of dietary sorbinil therapy. The myo-inositol content of 8-mo-diabetic SCG was modestly decreased compared with controls. Sorbinil administration improved but did not completely normalize diabetic SCG myo-inositol. The sorbitol content of the SCG, superior mesenteric and celiac sympathetic ganglia, and a major trunk of the superior mesenteric nerve of short-term (2.5-mo)-diabetic rats increased comparably, but only the diabetic SCG showed a decrease in myo-inositol.",
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