Autogenous cancellous bone graft alone or in combination with electrical stimulation is commonly employed yet there exists no conclusive data that the strength of the healing defect is actually modified. The authors examined three groups of paired canine femurs that were torsion tested to failure. Group I (in vitro): an intact femur was compared to a standard defect; Group II (in vivo): a defect alone was compared to a defect plus graft killed at eight weeks; Group III (in vivo): a defect plus graft was compared to a defect graft plus Osteostim (BGS Medical Corp., Milwaukee, Wisconsin) implantable stimulator killed at eight weeks. In Group I the defect decreased the average strength 45% (p=0.005); in Group II the grafted defect decreased the strength 20% (p=0.669). At eight weeks, bone grafting, alone or with electrical stimulation did not statistically increase the torsional strength of the healing bony defect.
|Number of pages
|Clinical orthopaedics and related research
|Published - Jan 1 1987
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine