Effects of different duration exercise programs in children with severe burns

Robert P. Clayton, Paul Wurzer, Clark R. Andersen, Ronald P. Mlcak, David Herndon, Oscar Suman

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    8 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Introduction: Burns lead to persistent and detrimental muscle breakdown and weakness. Standard treatment at our institution includes a voluntary 12-week rehabilitative exercise program to limit and reverse the effects of increased muscle catabolism. In the present work, we investigated if different durations of exercise, 6 or 12 weeks, produce comparable improvements in muscle strength, body composition, and cardiopulmonary fitness. Methods: We prospectively enrolled and randomized patients with ≥30% total body surface area (TBSA) burned to receive 6 or 12 weeks of exercise rehabilitation. Patients were evaluated for muscle strength, oxygen consumption capacity, and lean body mass at discharge (n=42) and after exercise. After 6 weeks (n=18) or 12 weeks (n=24) of exercise training, leg muscle strength was assessed as peak torque per body weight using a Biodex isokinetic dynamometer. Oxygen consumption capacity, measured as peak VO2, was studied using a standard treadmill-based test, and lean body mass was determined using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Results: Significant improvements in muscle strength, peak VO2, and lean body mass were seen after 6 weeks of exercise training (p<0.001), with only significant improvements in peak VO2 being seen after 6 weeks more of training. Conclusion: These data suggest that a 6-week rehabilitative exercise program is sufficient for improving muscle strength, body composition, and cardiopulmonary fitness in pediatric burn patients. However, continuation of at- or near-home cardiopulmonary training following the 6 weeks of at-hospital rehabilitation may be useful.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    JournalBurns
    DOIs
    StateAccepted/In press - 2016

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    Keywords

    • Burns
    • Children
    • Rehabilitation
    • Resistance exercise

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Surgery
    • Emergency Medicine
    • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

    Cite this

    Clayton, R. P., Wurzer, P., Andersen, C. R., Mlcak, R. P., Herndon, D., & Suman, O. (Accepted/In press). Effects of different duration exercise programs in children with severe burns. Burns. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2016.11.004