Aim: Endotoxin is known to be a primary initiator of sepsis and septic shock. Migration of immunocompetent cells due to chemotactic attraction plays a central role in the initiation of the immune response. Two major groups of chemokines can be distinguished: C-x-C chemokines like Interleukin-8 attract mainly neutrophils, C-C chemokines (e.g. RANTES) attract monocytes and T-cells. The aim of this study was to get further insight into chemokine profiles after a single endotoxin bolus in man. Materials and Methods: We investigated the effect of systemically administered endotoxin (4ng/kg BW i.v.) in 8 healthy volunteers. Clinical data (heart rate, mean arterial pressure, temperature), serum levels of IL-8, and RANTES, as well as white blood cell count were obtained before and hourly for five hours after endotoxin administration. Results: Heart rate and MAP showed significant changes (p<0.05) after 2-3 hours. All volunteers presented with low-grade fever after 2 hours. WBC was elevated 43% and 63% after 4 and 5 hours, respectively. Both chemokines were significantly different from baseline two hours after endotoxin challenge: While IL-8 was significantly increased RANTES serum levels were diminished. Conclusion: From our data we conclude that this endotoxin model was effective to mimic the clinical appearance of sepsis. Chemokines like IL-8 and RANTES are integrated in the early immune response to endotoxin challenge in man.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||European Journal of Medical Research|
|State||Published - Feb 28 2005|
- Volunteer study
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