Effects of habitat conversion on temporal activity patterns of phyllostomid bats in lowland amazonian rain forest

Steven J. Presley, Michael R. Willig, Ivan Castro-Arellano, Scott Weaver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ecological assessments of the effects of anthropogenic change often focus on species richness or species abundances. Nonetheless, changes in behavior (e.g., activity patterns) may provide equally important insights into responses to disturbance that have conservation or management implications. Because many neotropical bats provide critical ecosystem services, their responses may be of particular conservation concern. We evaluated the effects of season and habitat conversion on temporal activity patterns of 8 abundant species of frugivorous bats in lowland tropical rain forest of Iquitos, Perú. Season had little effect on activity patterns of any species of bat. Five species exhibited different activity patterns in primary or secondary forest compared to agricultural habitats. No interspecific differences in activity patterns occurred in primary forest. In agricultural areas, the patterns of activity of Camilla benkeithi and Rhinophylla pumilio were distinct from those of other species. In secondary forest, activity patterns of Artibeus lituratus and R. pumilio were distinct from those of other species. Temporal activity patterns of common frugivores overlapped more than expected by chance, regardless of season or habitat. Neotropical frugivores avoid open areas during twilight to reduce risk of predation. Nonetheless, to meet their considerable minimum daily caloric intake requirements, frugivores forage throughout most of the night. Increased habitat fragmentation may effectively reduce foraging times and subject bats to increased risk from predators during twilight and periods of great lunar illumination, when bats avoid open areas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)210-221
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Mammalogy
Volume90
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2009

Fingerprint

activity pattern
bat
rain forests
Chiroptera
Ecosystem
lowlands
frugivores
habitat
habitats
primary forests
secondary forests
twilight
secondary forest
behavior change
tropical rain forests
Energy Intake
Lighting
ecosystem services
habitat fragmentation
anthropogenic activities

Keywords

  • Anthropogenic change
  • Behavior
  • Competition
  • Conservation
  • Deforestation
  • Habitat use
  • Perú, phyllostomidae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Genetics
  • Ecology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

Effects of habitat conversion on temporal activity patterns of phyllostomid bats in lowland amazonian rain forest. / Presley, Steven J.; Willig, Michael R.; Castro-Arellano, Ivan; Weaver, Scott.

In: Journal of Mammalogy, Vol. 90, No. 1, 02.2009, p. 210-221.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Presley, Steven J. ; Willig, Michael R. ; Castro-Arellano, Ivan ; Weaver, Scott. / Effects of habitat conversion on temporal activity patterns of phyllostomid bats in lowland amazonian rain forest. In: Journal of Mammalogy. 2009 ; Vol. 90, No. 1. pp. 210-221.
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