Effects of ibuprofen on airway vascular response to cotton smoke injury

Salahadin Abdi, Lillian D. Traber, David N. Herndon, Christian S. Rogers, Daniel L. Traber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

We studied the effects of ibuprofen on bronchial blood flow and myocordial function after inhalation injury. Sheep (n = 12) were chronically instrumented with cardiovascular and pulmonary catheters. After 5 days of recovery period, baseline data were collected and the sheep were divided into two groups. Group S (n = 6) were insufflated with 48 breaths of cotton smoke; while group I (n = 6) were pretreated with ibuprofen (12 mg/kg bolus followed by 3 mg/kg/h continuous infusion for 24 h) and challenged with the same dose of smoke. All the animals were studied for 24 h. Bronchial blood flow increased significantly in both groups throughout the experimental period; while stroke volume as well as right and left ventricular stroke work indices of both groups were significantly decreased (group I worse than group S) in the second half of the experimental period. These data suggest that vasodilatory prostaglandins do not play a major role in the bronchial vascular response to smoke inhalation injury and myocardial depression seen post injury is worse in animals treated with ibuprofen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)475-481
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology: Environmental Toxicology and
Volume293
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 7 1995

Keywords

  • Bronchial blood flow
  • Cyclooxygenase inhibitor
  • Hemodynamics
  • Ibuprofen
  • smoke inhalation injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pollution

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