Effects of manganese superoxide dismutase on lung fluid balance after smoke inhalation

T. T. Nguyen, C. S. Cox, D. N. Herndon, N. A. Biondo, L. D. Traber, P. E. Bush, A. Zophel, D. L. Traber

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Abstract

There is evidence of increased oxygen free radical activity after smoke inhalation with and without concomitant burn injury. We determined the effects of manganese super-oxide dismutase (Mn SOD) on lung fluid balance as measured by lung microvascular permeability coefficient (σ), filtration coefficient (K(f)), and lymph flow. Merino breed ewes (n = 6/group) were surgically prepared. The SOD group (SOD) received Mn SOD (9,000 U/kg) as an intravenous bolus and was insufflated with smoke. The control group (CON) received saline and smoke. σ and K(f) were determined 24 h before and 24 h after smoke injury. Lymph flow, arterial O2-to-inspired O2 fraction ratio, systemic hemodynamics, and pulmonary arterial and capillary pressures were measured. The σ was significantly (P < 0.05) higher after smoke insufflation in SOD compared with CON (0.71 ± 0.03 vs. 0.53 ± 0.05). K(f) was significantly lower after smoke insufflation in SOD compared with CON (0.038 ± 0.010 vs. 0.061 ± 0.010). Lymph flows were significantly lower during the 24 h after smoke insufflation in SOD compared with CON (33 ± 7 vs. 55 ± 8 ml/h at 24 h). Arterial O2-to-inspired O2 fraction ratio was significantly improved at 6 and 12 h after smoke insufflation in SOD compared with CON at the same time points. Mn SOD meliorates the lung microvascular permeability changes associated with smoke inhalation injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2161-2168
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume78
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

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Keywords

  • acute lung injury
  • burn inhalation
  • burns
  • filtration coefficient
  • lung lymphatic
  • oxygen radicals
  • pulmonary
  • reflection coefficient
  • sheep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Nguyen, T. T., Cox, C. S., Herndon, D. N., Biondo, N. A., Traber, L. D., Bush, P. E., Zophel, A., & Traber, D. L. (1995). Effects of manganese superoxide dismutase on lung fluid balance after smoke inhalation. Journal of Applied Physiology, 78(6), 2161-2168. https://doi.org/10.1152/jappl.1995.78.6.2161