Effects of physical exercise on colonic motor activity

M. Dapoigny, S. K. Sarna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated the effect of physical exercise on colonic motor activity in the fasted and fed states in six conscious dogs. Each dog was implanted with nine strain gauge transducers: three on the proximal, three on the middle, and three on the distal colon. The dogs ran for 1 h on a treadmill at 5 km/h (slope 5%). In the fasted state, the dogs exercised during the 5th h of recording after an overnight fast, and in the fed state during the 1st, 3rd, and 5th postprandial hour. In the fasted state, exercise significantly decreased the frequency of colonic migrating motor complexes (MMCs) but had no effect on the total or the mean duration of contractile states in the proximal, middle, and distal colon. Postprandially, exercise disrupted colonic MMCs and replaced them with nonmigrating motor complexes in all three periods of exercise (1st, 3rd, and 6th h). Exercise also increased the total duration per hour of contractile activity throughout the colon during the 1st and 3rd h and only in the distal colon during the 6th h after the meal. The dogs never defecated during rest in the fasted or the fed state. Shortly after the start of exercise in the fasted and fed states, giant migrating contractions (GMCs) occurred, and they were followed by defecation. In ~40% of the experiments, another GMC originated in the proximal colon, ~10 min after the first defecation, and migrated caudad up to the middle colon. These GMCs were not associated with defecation but caused mass movements. We conclude that exercise decreases the frequency of colonic MMCs in the fasted state but that after a meal it disrupts colonic MMCs and increases the total duration of contractions that are organized as nonmigrating motor complexes. Exercise also induces GMCs, defecation, and mass movement in both the fasted and fed states. The increased motor activity of the colon and extra GMCs may aid in normal colonic motor function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)G646-G652
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume260
Issue number4 23-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

Keywords

  • Diarrhea
  • Giant migrating contractions
  • Hormones
  • Migrating motor complexes
  • Motility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)

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