Effects of progressive resistance exercise in akinetic-rigid Parkinson's disease patients: a randomized controlled trial

Luis Santos, Javier Fernandez-Rio, Kristian Winge, Beatriz Barragán-Pérez, Lucía González-Gómez, Vicente Rodríguez-Pérez, Vicente González-Díez, Alejandro Lucía, Eliseo Iglesias-Soler, Xurxo Dopico-Calvo, Miguel Fernández-Del-Olmo, Miguel Del-Valle, Miguel Blanco-Traba, Oscar Suman, Javier Rodríguez-Gómez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Progressive resistance exercise (PRE) can have a positive effect in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the effect of PRE may vary with the clinical subtype of PD. To date, no study has assessed the effects of PRE in the different subtypes of PD.

AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of PRE in PD patients with akinesia and rigidity (AR-subtype).

DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial was conducted.

SETTING: Outpatients clinics of the Bierzo Parkinson Association (Ponferrada, Spain) and the Asturias Parkinson Association (Oviedo, Spain).

POPULATION: Twenty-eight patients with AR-subtype PD were randomized into an Experimental Group (EG, N.=13) and Control Group (CG, N.=15).

METHODS: Static posturography (Centre of Pressure -CoP- parameters), gait (the Ten-Meter Walk Test [TMWT]), freezing of gait (the Freezing of Gait Questionnaire [FOG-Q]), the motor portion of the Movement Disorders Society-Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS) and patient-perceived quality of life (the 39-item Parkinson's disease Questionnaire [PDQ39]), were assessed at pre-test, post-test, and re-test. Ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) (Borg >6-20 Scale) were recorded at the end of each PRE training session.

RESULTS: The EG displayed significant ameliorations in Length (CoP parameters) from pre- to post-test (P=0.048), in speed of fast rhythm walking (TMWT) from pre- to post-test (P=0.000), and from pre- to re-test (P=0.027), and in the PDQ39 Score from pre- to post-test (P=0.024). No significant differences were detected in Area or Speed (CoP parameters), speed of preferred rhythm walking (TMWT), FOG-Q scores, or the motor portion of the MDS-UPDRS scores. The EG reported a mean RPE of 9.95 (between "very light" and "fairly light") for the whole training program.

CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide support for the use of PRE training in the rehabilitation of individuals with AR-subtype PD, as it can improve static posturography, gait, and quality of life. Furthermore, RPE scores showed that individuals with AR-subtype PD consider that PRE training require only light efforts.

CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: The PRE training can be a helpful and fruitful rehabilitation tool for AR-subtype PD patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)651-663
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Volume53
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017

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Parkinson Disease
Randomized Controlled Trials
Exercise
Gait
Resistance Training
Freezing
Rehabilitation
Movement Disorders
Light
Spain
Walking
Quality of Life
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Education
Pressure
Control Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Santos, L., Fernandez-Rio, J., Winge, K., Barragán-Pérez, B., González-Gómez, L., Rodríguez-Pérez, V., ... Rodríguez-Gómez, J. (2017). Effects of progressive resistance exercise in akinetic-rigid Parkinson's disease patients: a randomized controlled trial. European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, 53(5), 651-663. https://doi.org/10.23736/S1973-9087.17.04572-5

Effects of progressive resistance exercise in akinetic-rigid Parkinson's disease patients : a randomized controlled trial. / Santos, Luis; Fernandez-Rio, Javier; Winge, Kristian; Barragán-Pérez, Beatriz; González-Gómez, Lucía; Rodríguez-Pérez, Vicente; González-Díez, Vicente; Lucía, Alejandro; Iglesias-Soler, Eliseo; Dopico-Calvo, Xurxo; Fernández-Del-Olmo, Miguel; Del-Valle, Miguel; Blanco-Traba, Miguel; Suman, Oscar; Rodríguez-Gómez, Javier.

In: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol. 53, No. 5, 01.10.2017, p. 651-663.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Santos, L, Fernandez-Rio, J, Winge, K, Barragán-Pérez, B, González-Gómez, L, Rodríguez-Pérez, V, González-Díez, V, Lucía, A, Iglesias-Soler, E, Dopico-Calvo, X, Fernández-Del-Olmo, M, Del-Valle, M, Blanco-Traba, M, Suman, O & Rodríguez-Gómez, J 2017, 'Effects of progressive resistance exercise in akinetic-rigid Parkinson's disease patients: a randomized controlled trial', European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 651-663. https://doi.org/10.23736/S1973-9087.17.04572-5
Santos, Luis ; Fernandez-Rio, Javier ; Winge, Kristian ; Barragán-Pérez, Beatriz ; González-Gómez, Lucía ; Rodríguez-Pérez, Vicente ; González-Díez, Vicente ; Lucía, Alejandro ; Iglesias-Soler, Eliseo ; Dopico-Calvo, Xurxo ; Fernández-Del-Olmo, Miguel ; Del-Valle, Miguel ; Blanco-Traba, Miguel ; Suman, Oscar ; Rodríguez-Gómez, Javier. / Effects of progressive resistance exercise in akinetic-rigid Parkinson's disease patients : a randomized controlled trial. In: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. 2017 ; Vol. 53, No. 5. pp. 651-663.
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T1 - Effects of progressive resistance exercise in akinetic-rigid Parkinson's disease patients

T2 - a randomized controlled trial

AU - Santos, Luis

AU - Fernandez-Rio, Javier

AU - Winge, Kristian

AU - Barragán-Pérez, Beatriz

AU - González-Gómez, Lucía

AU - Rodríguez-Pérez, Vicente

AU - González-Díez, Vicente

AU - Lucía, Alejandro

AU - Iglesias-Soler, Eliseo

AU - Dopico-Calvo, Xurxo

AU - Fernández-Del-Olmo, Miguel

AU - Del-Valle, Miguel

AU - Blanco-Traba, Miguel

AU - Suman, Oscar

AU - Rodríguez-Gómez, Javier

PY - 2017/10/1

Y1 - 2017/10/1

N2 - BACKGROUND: Progressive resistance exercise (PRE) can have a positive effect in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the effect of PRE may vary with the clinical subtype of PD. To date, no study has assessed the effects of PRE in the different subtypes of PD.AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of PRE in PD patients with akinesia and rigidity (AR-subtype).DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial was conducted.SETTING: Outpatients clinics of the Bierzo Parkinson Association (Ponferrada, Spain) and the Asturias Parkinson Association (Oviedo, Spain).POPULATION: Twenty-eight patients with AR-subtype PD were randomized into an Experimental Group (EG, N.=13) and Control Group (CG, N.=15).METHODS: Static posturography (Centre of Pressure -CoP- parameters), gait (the Ten-Meter Walk Test [TMWT]), freezing of gait (the Freezing of Gait Questionnaire [FOG-Q]), the motor portion of the Movement Disorders Society-Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS) and patient-perceived quality of life (the 39-item Parkinson's disease Questionnaire [PDQ39]), were assessed at pre-test, post-test, and re-test. Ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) (Borg >6-20 Scale) were recorded at the end of each PRE training session.RESULTS: The EG displayed significant ameliorations in Length (CoP parameters) from pre- to post-test (P=0.048), in speed of fast rhythm walking (TMWT) from pre- to post-test (P=0.000), and from pre- to re-test (P=0.027), and in the PDQ39 Score from pre- to post-test (P=0.024). No significant differences were detected in Area or Speed (CoP parameters), speed of preferred rhythm walking (TMWT), FOG-Q scores, or the motor portion of the MDS-UPDRS scores. The EG reported a mean RPE of 9.95 (between "very light" and "fairly light") for the whole training program.CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide support for the use of PRE training in the rehabilitation of individuals with AR-subtype PD, as it can improve static posturography, gait, and quality of life. Furthermore, RPE scores showed that individuals with AR-subtype PD consider that PRE training require only light efforts.CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: The PRE training can be a helpful and fruitful rehabilitation tool for AR-subtype PD patients.

AB - BACKGROUND: Progressive resistance exercise (PRE) can have a positive effect in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the effect of PRE may vary with the clinical subtype of PD. To date, no study has assessed the effects of PRE in the different subtypes of PD.AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of PRE in PD patients with akinesia and rigidity (AR-subtype).DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial was conducted.SETTING: Outpatients clinics of the Bierzo Parkinson Association (Ponferrada, Spain) and the Asturias Parkinson Association (Oviedo, Spain).POPULATION: Twenty-eight patients with AR-subtype PD were randomized into an Experimental Group (EG, N.=13) and Control Group (CG, N.=15).METHODS: Static posturography (Centre of Pressure -CoP- parameters), gait (the Ten-Meter Walk Test [TMWT]), freezing of gait (the Freezing of Gait Questionnaire [FOG-Q]), the motor portion of the Movement Disorders Society-Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS) and patient-perceived quality of life (the 39-item Parkinson's disease Questionnaire [PDQ39]), were assessed at pre-test, post-test, and re-test. Ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) (Borg >6-20 Scale) were recorded at the end of each PRE training session.RESULTS: The EG displayed significant ameliorations in Length (CoP parameters) from pre- to post-test (P=0.048), in speed of fast rhythm walking (TMWT) from pre- to post-test (P=0.000), and from pre- to re-test (P=0.027), and in the PDQ39 Score from pre- to post-test (P=0.024). No significant differences were detected in Area or Speed (CoP parameters), speed of preferred rhythm walking (TMWT), FOG-Q scores, or the motor portion of the MDS-UPDRS scores. The EG reported a mean RPE of 9.95 (between "very light" and "fairly light") for the whole training program.CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide support for the use of PRE training in the rehabilitation of individuals with AR-subtype PD, as it can improve static posturography, gait, and quality of life. Furthermore, RPE scores showed that individuals with AR-subtype PD consider that PRE training require only light efforts.CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: The PRE training can be a helpful and fruitful rehabilitation tool for AR-subtype PD patients.

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