Effects of red blood cell transfusion on resting energy expenditure in adolescents with sickle cell anemia

Paul Harmatz, Melvin B. Heyman, John Cunningham, Phillip Lee, Lori Styles, Keith Quirolo, Lori Kopp-Hoolihan, Jim Ghiron, Raymond L. Hintz, Elliott Vichinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Previous studies indicate that resting energy expenditure is elevated in children with sickle cell anemia, possibly caused in part by hemolysis and increased erythropoietic activity. The purpose of the present investigation was to determine whether erythrocyte transfusion normalizes resting energy expenditure in sickle cell anemia. Methods: Five adolescents with sickle cell anemia (12-16 years old; 4 boys, 1 girl) were studied before and 1 week after erythrocyte transfusion before elective surgery or at the initial transfusion for growth failure. Resting energy expenditure was measured by indirect calorimetry, and laboratory measures were determined by routine, validated methods. Data comparisons were by nonparametric analysis. Results: After erythrocyte transfusion, total hemoglobin levels increased (difference (D) = 15 g/l; p < 0.05), whereas hemoglobin S (D = -0.36; p < 0.05) and reticulocyte count (D = -0.12; p < 0.05) decreased. Mean pretransfusion resting energy expenditure was elevated to 124% above predicted levels (p < 0.05) and increased further to 134% above prediction (p < 0.05 vs. pretransfusion levels). Plasma triiodothyronine (T3) levels increased (D = 0.17 nmol/l; p < 0.05), reverse T3 (rT3) levels tended to decline (D = -0.04 nmol/l; p = 0.14), and rT3/T3 decreased (D= -0.03; p < 0.05). Plasma insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels were low-normal before transfusion and did not change, despite the change in resting energy expenditure. Conclusions: The results confirm that resting energy expenditure is elevated in patients with sickle cell anemia. However, resting energy expenditure further increased after transfusion, despite decreased erythropoietic activity. A posttransfusion decrease in rT3/T3 may contribute to the increased resting energy expenditure. That there was no change in IGF- I implies that the growth hormone-IGF system is not involved in posttransfusion regulation of resting energy expenditure. Therefore, our data are not consistent with the hypothesis that increased resting energy expenditure in sickle cell anemia is directly related to erythropoietic activity. The mechanisms by which resting energy expenditure increases after transfusion in sickle cell anemia require additional investigation. (C) 2000 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-131
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

sickle cell anemia
Erythrocyte Transfusion
resting energy expenditure
Sickle Cell Anemia
Energy Metabolism
erythrocytes
triiodothyronine
insulin-like growth factor I
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Reticulocyte Count
Sickle Hemoglobin
Indirect Calorimetry
reticulocytes
hemolysis
calorimetry
Triiodothyronine
Hemolysis
somatotropin
Growth Hormone
hemoglobin

Keywords

  • Erythrocyte transfusion
  • Resting energy expenditure
  • Sickle cell anemia.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Histology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Effects of red blood cell transfusion on resting energy expenditure in adolescents with sickle cell anemia. / Harmatz, Paul; Heyman, Melvin B.; Cunningham, John; Lee, Phillip; Styles, Lori; Quirolo, Keith; Kopp-Hoolihan, Lori; Ghiron, Jim; Hintz, Raymond L.; Vichinsky, Elliott.

In: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Vol. 29, No. 2, 08.1999, p. 127-131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harmatz, P, Heyman, MB, Cunningham, J, Lee, P, Styles, L, Quirolo, K, Kopp-Hoolihan, L, Ghiron, J, Hintz, RL & Vichinsky, E 1999, 'Effects of red blood cell transfusion on resting energy expenditure in adolescents with sickle cell anemia', Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 127-131. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005176-199908000-00006
Harmatz, Paul ; Heyman, Melvin B. ; Cunningham, John ; Lee, Phillip ; Styles, Lori ; Quirolo, Keith ; Kopp-Hoolihan, Lori ; Ghiron, Jim ; Hintz, Raymond L. ; Vichinsky, Elliott. / Effects of red blood cell transfusion on resting energy expenditure in adolescents with sickle cell anemia. In: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. 1999 ; Vol. 29, No. 2. pp. 127-131.
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abstract = "Background: Previous studies indicate that resting energy expenditure is elevated in children with sickle cell anemia, possibly caused in part by hemolysis and increased erythropoietic activity. The purpose of the present investigation was to determine whether erythrocyte transfusion normalizes resting energy expenditure in sickle cell anemia. Methods: Five adolescents with sickle cell anemia (12-16 years old; 4 boys, 1 girl) were studied before and 1 week after erythrocyte transfusion before elective surgery or at the initial transfusion for growth failure. Resting energy expenditure was measured by indirect calorimetry, and laboratory measures were determined by routine, validated methods. Data comparisons were by nonparametric analysis. Results: After erythrocyte transfusion, total hemoglobin levels increased (difference (D) = 15 g/l; p < 0.05), whereas hemoglobin S (D = -0.36; p < 0.05) and reticulocyte count (D = -0.12; p < 0.05) decreased. Mean pretransfusion resting energy expenditure was elevated to 124{\%} above predicted levels (p < 0.05) and increased further to 134{\%} above prediction (p < 0.05 vs. pretransfusion levels). Plasma triiodothyronine (T3) levels increased (D = 0.17 nmol/l; p < 0.05), reverse T3 (rT3) levels tended to decline (D = -0.04 nmol/l; p = 0.14), and rT3/T3 decreased (D= -0.03; p < 0.05). Plasma insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels were low-normal before transfusion and did not change, despite the change in resting energy expenditure. Conclusions: The results confirm that resting energy expenditure is elevated in patients with sickle cell anemia. However, resting energy expenditure further increased after transfusion, despite decreased erythropoietic activity. A posttransfusion decrease in rT3/T3 may contribute to the increased resting energy expenditure. That there was no change in IGF- I implies that the growth hormone-IGF system is not involved in posttransfusion regulation of resting energy expenditure. Therefore, our data are not consistent with the hypothesis that increased resting energy expenditure in sickle cell anemia is directly related to erythropoietic activity. The mechanisms by which resting energy expenditure increases after transfusion in sickle cell anemia require additional investigation. (C) 2000 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Inc.",
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AU - Heyman, Melvin B.

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AU - Lee, Phillip

AU - Styles, Lori

AU - Quirolo, Keith

AU - Kopp-Hoolihan, Lori

AU - Ghiron, Jim

AU - Hintz, Raymond L.

AU - Vichinsky, Elliott

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N2 - Background: Previous studies indicate that resting energy expenditure is elevated in children with sickle cell anemia, possibly caused in part by hemolysis and increased erythropoietic activity. The purpose of the present investigation was to determine whether erythrocyte transfusion normalizes resting energy expenditure in sickle cell anemia. Methods: Five adolescents with sickle cell anemia (12-16 years old; 4 boys, 1 girl) were studied before and 1 week after erythrocyte transfusion before elective surgery or at the initial transfusion for growth failure. Resting energy expenditure was measured by indirect calorimetry, and laboratory measures were determined by routine, validated methods. Data comparisons were by nonparametric analysis. Results: After erythrocyte transfusion, total hemoglobin levels increased (difference (D) = 15 g/l; p < 0.05), whereas hemoglobin S (D = -0.36; p < 0.05) and reticulocyte count (D = -0.12; p < 0.05) decreased. Mean pretransfusion resting energy expenditure was elevated to 124% above predicted levels (p < 0.05) and increased further to 134% above prediction (p < 0.05 vs. pretransfusion levels). Plasma triiodothyronine (T3) levels increased (D = 0.17 nmol/l; p < 0.05), reverse T3 (rT3) levels tended to decline (D = -0.04 nmol/l; p = 0.14), and rT3/T3 decreased (D= -0.03; p < 0.05). Plasma insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels were low-normal before transfusion and did not change, despite the change in resting energy expenditure. Conclusions: The results confirm that resting energy expenditure is elevated in patients with sickle cell anemia. However, resting energy expenditure further increased after transfusion, despite decreased erythropoietic activity. A posttransfusion decrease in rT3/T3 may contribute to the increased resting energy expenditure. That there was no change in IGF- I implies that the growth hormone-IGF system is not involved in posttransfusion regulation of resting energy expenditure. Therefore, our data are not consistent with the hypothesis that increased resting energy expenditure in sickle cell anemia is directly related to erythropoietic activity. The mechanisms by which resting energy expenditure increases after transfusion in sickle cell anemia require additional investigation. (C) 2000 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Inc.

AB - Background: Previous studies indicate that resting energy expenditure is elevated in children with sickle cell anemia, possibly caused in part by hemolysis and increased erythropoietic activity. The purpose of the present investigation was to determine whether erythrocyte transfusion normalizes resting energy expenditure in sickle cell anemia. Methods: Five adolescents with sickle cell anemia (12-16 years old; 4 boys, 1 girl) were studied before and 1 week after erythrocyte transfusion before elective surgery or at the initial transfusion for growth failure. Resting energy expenditure was measured by indirect calorimetry, and laboratory measures were determined by routine, validated methods. Data comparisons were by nonparametric analysis. Results: After erythrocyte transfusion, total hemoglobin levels increased (difference (D) = 15 g/l; p < 0.05), whereas hemoglobin S (D = -0.36; p < 0.05) and reticulocyte count (D = -0.12; p < 0.05) decreased. Mean pretransfusion resting energy expenditure was elevated to 124% above predicted levels (p < 0.05) and increased further to 134% above prediction (p < 0.05 vs. pretransfusion levels). Plasma triiodothyronine (T3) levels increased (D = 0.17 nmol/l; p < 0.05), reverse T3 (rT3) levels tended to decline (D = -0.04 nmol/l; p = 0.14), and rT3/T3 decreased (D= -0.03; p < 0.05). Plasma insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels were low-normal before transfusion and did not change, despite the change in resting energy expenditure. Conclusions: The results confirm that resting energy expenditure is elevated in patients with sickle cell anemia. However, resting energy expenditure further increased after transfusion, despite decreased erythropoietic activity. A posttransfusion decrease in rT3/T3 may contribute to the increased resting energy expenditure. That there was no change in IGF- I implies that the growth hormone-IGF system is not involved in posttransfusion regulation of resting energy expenditure. Therefore, our data are not consistent with the hypothesis that increased resting energy expenditure in sickle cell anemia is directly related to erythropoietic activity. The mechanisms by which resting energy expenditure increases after transfusion in sickle cell anemia require additional investigation. (C) 2000 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Inc.

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