Effects of weight lifting on bone mineral density in premenopausal women

Peggy Blake Gleeson, Elizabeth J. Protas, Adrian D. LeBlanc, Victor S. Schneider, Harlan J. Evans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

178 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A group of 68 premenopausal women participated in a controlled 12 month exercise program. Two groups were matched according to age, body size (body mass index), and typical activity level. Data collection included bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar spine with dual-photon absorptiometry and of the os calcis with single-photon absorptiometry, lean body mass, urinary calcium/creatinine, and urinary gammacarboxyglutamic acid (Gla). Subjects wer given a daily 500 mg supplement of elemental calcium. There was no significant difference between groups in terms of diet, in urinary calcium/creatinine or Gla, or in lean body mass. The weight lifting group had a nonsignificant increase in mean lumbar BMD of 0.81% and the control group exhibited a nonsignificant decrease of 0.5%. However, a paired t-test revealed a significant difference between the matched pairs in percentage change in lumbar BMD. The os calcis showed no significant change in the means in either group or as matched pairs. The relatively small change seen as a result of this modified Nautilus exercise program may prevent moderate weight lifting from being a practical answer for osteoporosis, even in a highly motivated population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-158
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Bone and Mineral Research
Volume5
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1990
Externally publishedYes

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Weight Lifting
Bone Density
Photon Absorptiometry
Calcium
Nautilus
Creatinine
Exercise
Acids
Body Size
Osteoporosis
Spine
Body Mass Index
Research Design
Diet
Control Groups
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Gleeson, P. B., Protas, E. J., LeBlanc, A. D., Schneider, V. S., & Evans, H. J. (1990). Effects of weight lifting on bone mineral density in premenopausal women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 5(2), 153-158.

Effects of weight lifting on bone mineral density in premenopausal women. / Gleeson, Peggy Blake; Protas, Elizabeth J.; LeBlanc, Adrian D.; Schneider, Victor S.; Evans, Harlan J.

In: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, Vol. 5, No. 2, 02.1990, p. 153-158.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gleeson, PB, Protas, EJ, LeBlanc, AD, Schneider, VS & Evans, HJ 1990, 'Effects of weight lifting on bone mineral density in premenopausal women', Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 153-158.
Gleeson PB, Protas EJ, LeBlanc AD, Schneider VS, Evans HJ. Effects of weight lifting on bone mineral density in premenopausal women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 1990 Feb;5(2):153-158.
Gleeson, Peggy Blake ; Protas, Elizabeth J. ; LeBlanc, Adrian D. ; Schneider, Victor S. ; Evans, Harlan J. / Effects of weight lifting on bone mineral density in premenopausal women. In: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 1990 ; Vol. 5, No. 2. pp. 153-158.
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