Electron Beam Coater for Reduction of Charging in Ice-Embedded Biological Specimens using Ti88Si12 Alloy

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2 Scopus citations


Biological macromolecules embedded in vitreous ice are known to suffer from charging while being imaged in an electron transmission cryomicroscope. We developed an electron beam coater that deposits conductive films onto the surface of frozen-hydrated specimens. The conductive films help to dissipate charge during electron irradiation of poorly conductive ice-embedded biological samples. We observed significant reduction in charging of ice-embedded catalase crystals suspended over holes in a holey carbon film after coating them with a 30-Å-thick layer of an amorphous alloy, Ti88Si12. Images of the crystals after coating showed diffraction spots of up to 3 Å resolution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)566-573
Number of pages8
JournalMicroscopy and Microanalysis
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2003
Externally publishedYes



  • Charging
  • Conductive coating
  • Electron cryomicroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation

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