Electron microscopic analysis of Mycobacterium avium complex isolates exposed to ciprofloxacin, rifabutin, ethambutol and clarithromycin

B. S. Reisner, G. L. Woods, Vsevolod Popov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

SETTING: Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) isolates grown in the presence of clarithromycin, ciprofloxacin, ethambutol or rifabutin were examined by electron microscopy for drug-induced ultrastructural changes. OBJECTIVE: To further the understanding of the activity of clarithromycin, ciprofloxacin, ethambutol and rifabutin against MAC. DESIGN: Four MAC isolates, 1 control and 3 patient, were cultured for 24 or 72 hours in liquid medium containing one of two concentrations of an antimicrobial agent prior to examination by electron microscopy. RESULTS: One or more of the following ultrastructural changes was observed after exposure to the antimicrobial agent: disorganized nucleoid and cytoplasm, condensation of nucleoid, vacuolization, enlargement of the periplasmic space with or without vesicles, intracytoplasmic lipid-like inclusions, and cell lysis. Changes were seen after as little as 24 hours of exposure to the antimicrobial agent and were more evident with the higher of the two concentrations of the drug. Changes were present regardless of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the antimicrobial agent against the isolates tested, but were more pronounced if the MIC was less than the concentration of drug tested. CONCLUSION: Consistent ultrastructural changes were observed following exposure to a given antimicrobial agent. No drug-specific changes were identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)270-275
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Volume1
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1997

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Rifabutin
Mycobacterium avium Complex
Ethambutol
Clarithromycin
Ciprofloxacin
Anti-Infective Agents
Electrons
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Electron Microscopy
Periplasm
Cytoplasm
Lipids

Keywords

  • Electron microscopy
  • Mycobacterium avium complex
  • Ultrastructural changes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Electron microscopic analysis of Mycobacterium avium complex isolates exposed to ciprofloxacin, rifabutin, ethambutol and clarithromycin",
abstract = "SETTING: Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) isolates grown in the presence of clarithromycin, ciprofloxacin, ethambutol or rifabutin were examined by electron microscopy for drug-induced ultrastructural changes. OBJECTIVE: To further the understanding of the activity of clarithromycin, ciprofloxacin, ethambutol and rifabutin against MAC. DESIGN: Four MAC isolates, 1 control and 3 patient, were cultured for 24 or 72 hours in liquid medium containing one of two concentrations of an antimicrobial agent prior to examination by electron microscopy. RESULTS: One or more of the following ultrastructural changes was observed after exposure to the antimicrobial agent: disorganized nucleoid and cytoplasm, condensation of nucleoid, vacuolization, enlargement of the periplasmic space with or without vesicles, intracytoplasmic lipid-like inclusions, and cell lysis. Changes were seen after as little as 24 hours of exposure to the antimicrobial agent and were more evident with the higher of the two concentrations of the drug. Changes were present regardless of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the antimicrobial agent against the isolates tested, but were more pronounced if the MIC was less than the concentration of drug tested. CONCLUSION: Consistent ultrastructural changes were observed following exposure to a given antimicrobial agent. No drug-specific changes were identified.",
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T1 - Electron microscopic analysis of Mycobacterium avium complex isolates exposed to ciprofloxacin, rifabutin, ethambutol and clarithromycin

AU - Reisner, B. S.

AU - Woods, G. L.

AU - Popov, Vsevolod

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - SETTING: Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) isolates grown in the presence of clarithromycin, ciprofloxacin, ethambutol or rifabutin were examined by electron microscopy for drug-induced ultrastructural changes. OBJECTIVE: To further the understanding of the activity of clarithromycin, ciprofloxacin, ethambutol and rifabutin against MAC. DESIGN: Four MAC isolates, 1 control and 3 patient, were cultured for 24 or 72 hours in liquid medium containing one of two concentrations of an antimicrobial agent prior to examination by electron microscopy. RESULTS: One or more of the following ultrastructural changes was observed after exposure to the antimicrobial agent: disorganized nucleoid and cytoplasm, condensation of nucleoid, vacuolization, enlargement of the periplasmic space with or without vesicles, intracytoplasmic lipid-like inclusions, and cell lysis. Changes were seen after as little as 24 hours of exposure to the antimicrobial agent and were more evident with the higher of the two concentrations of the drug. Changes were present regardless of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the antimicrobial agent against the isolates tested, but were more pronounced if the MIC was less than the concentration of drug tested. CONCLUSION: Consistent ultrastructural changes were observed following exposure to a given antimicrobial agent. No drug-specific changes were identified.

AB - SETTING: Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) isolates grown in the presence of clarithromycin, ciprofloxacin, ethambutol or rifabutin were examined by electron microscopy for drug-induced ultrastructural changes. OBJECTIVE: To further the understanding of the activity of clarithromycin, ciprofloxacin, ethambutol and rifabutin against MAC. DESIGN: Four MAC isolates, 1 control and 3 patient, were cultured for 24 or 72 hours in liquid medium containing one of two concentrations of an antimicrobial agent prior to examination by electron microscopy. RESULTS: One or more of the following ultrastructural changes was observed after exposure to the antimicrobial agent: disorganized nucleoid and cytoplasm, condensation of nucleoid, vacuolization, enlargement of the periplasmic space with or without vesicles, intracytoplasmic lipid-like inclusions, and cell lysis. Changes were seen after as little as 24 hours of exposure to the antimicrobial agent and were more evident with the higher of the two concentrations of the drug. Changes were present regardless of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the antimicrobial agent against the isolates tested, but were more pronounced if the MIC was less than the concentration of drug tested. CONCLUSION: Consistent ultrastructural changes were observed following exposure to a given antimicrobial agent. No drug-specific changes were identified.

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