Emergencies related to HIV infection and treatment (part 1)

Amit Chandra, Jacqueline Firth, Abid Sheikh, Premal Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

HIV is a leading cause of mortality in resource limited settings and HIV associated medical emergencies are common emergency centre presentations in high-prevalence settings. HIV attacks the body's immune system, making infected individuals susceptible to severe infections of multiple organ systems including the respiratory tract, ocular structures, and central nervous system. HIV infected individuals also suffer from unique patterns of cardiac disease, gastrointestinal disturbances, and haematologic and oncologic conditions. Anti-retroviral therapy itself is also associated with numerous side effects, many of which can be life-threatening. Diagnosis and management of HIV infected patients require knowledge of the disease's pathology and the life threatening complications associated with it. Part 1 of this review discusses the pathophysiology of the disease and respiratory, cardiac, psychiatric, and neurologic complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)142-149
Number of pages8
JournalAfrican Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • CMV
  • Cryptococcal meningitis
  • HAART
  • HIV
  • IRIS
  • Meningitis
  • PCP
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Tuberculosis
  • VZV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Gerontology
  • Emergency
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Critical Care

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