Emergencies related to HIV infection and treatment (part 1)

Amit Chandra, Jacqueline Firth, Abid Sheikh, Premal Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

HIV is a leading cause of mortality in resource limited settings and HIV associated medical emergencies are common emergency centre presentations in high-prevalence settings. HIV attacks the body's immune system, making infected individuals susceptible to severe infections of multiple organ systems including the respiratory tract, ocular structures, and central nervous system. HIV infected individuals also suffer from unique patterns of cardiac disease, gastrointestinal disturbances, and haematologic and oncologic conditions. Anti-retroviral therapy itself is also associated with numerous side effects, many of which can be life-threatening. Diagnosis and management of HIV infected patients require knowledge of the disease's pathology and the life threatening complications associated with it. Part 1 of this review discusses the pathophysiology of the disease and respiratory, cardiac, psychiatric, and neurologic complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)142-149
Number of pages8
JournalAfrican Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013

Fingerprint

human immunodeficiency virus
HIV Infections
Emergencies
HIV
Immune system
Neurology
Pathology
Heart Diseases
Therapeutics
immune system
pathology
nervous system
Respiratory System
Nervous System
Psychiatry
Immune System
Central Nervous System
infection
disturbance
mortality

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • CMV
  • Cryptococcal meningitis
  • HAART
  • HIV
  • IRIS
  • Meningitis
  • PCP
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Tuberculosis
  • VZV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

Cite this

Emergencies related to HIV infection and treatment (part 1). / Chandra, Amit; Firth, Jacqueline; Sheikh, Abid; Patel, Premal.

In: African Journal of Emergency Medicine, Vol. 3, No. 3, 09.2013, p. 142-149.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chandra, Amit ; Firth, Jacqueline ; Sheikh, Abid ; Patel, Premal. / Emergencies related to HIV infection and treatment (part 1). In: African Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2013 ; Vol. 3, No. 3. pp. 142-149.
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