Emergencies related to HIV infection and treatment (part 2)

Amit Chandra, Jacqueline Firth, Abid Sheikh, Premal Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

HIV is a leading cause of mortality in resource limited settings, and HIV associated medical emergencies are common emergency department presentations in high-prevalence settings. HIV attacks the body's immune system, making infected individuals susceptible to severe infections of multiple organ systems including the respiratory tract, ocular structures, and central nervous system. HIV infected individuals also suffer from unique patterns of cardiac disease, gastrointestinal disturbances, and haematologic and oncologic conditions. Anti-retroviral therapy itself is also associated with numerous side effects, many of which can be life-threatening. Diagnosis and management of HIV infected patients require knowledge of the disease's pathology and the life threatening complications associated with it. Part 2 of this article reviews haematologic/oncologic, ocular, gastrointestinal, and treatment complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-202
Number of pages6
JournalAfrican Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

Fingerprint

human immunodeficiency virus
HIV Infections
Emergencies
HIV
Immune system
Neurology
Pathology
Therapeutics
immune system
pathology
nervous system
Respiratory System
Hospital Emergency Service
Immune System
Heart Diseases
Central Nervous System
infection
disturbance
mortality
Mortality

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • ARV
  • CMV
  • HIV
  • IRIS
  • VZV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

Cite this

Emergencies related to HIV infection and treatment (part 2). / Chandra, Amit; Firth, Jacqueline; Sheikh, Abid; Patel, Premal.

In: African Journal of Emergency Medicine, Vol. 3, No. 4, 12.2013, p. 197-202.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chandra, Amit ; Firth, Jacqueline ; Sheikh, Abid ; Patel, Premal. / Emergencies related to HIV infection and treatment (part 2). In: African Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2013 ; Vol. 3, No. 4. pp. 197-202.
@article{54e9aaadd9554fa5862feae9bb46c657,
title = "Emergencies related to HIV infection and treatment (part 2)",
abstract = "HIV is a leading cause of mortality in resource limited settings, and HIV associated medical emergencies are common emergency department presentations in high-prevalence settings. HIV attacks the body's immune system, making infected individuals susceptible to severe infections of multiple organ systems including the respiratory tract, ocular structures, and central nervous system. HIV infected individuals also suffer from unique patterns of cardiac disease, gastrointestinal disturbances, and haematologic and oncologic conditions. Anti-retroviral therapy itself is also associated with numerous side effects, many of which can be life-threatening. Diagnosis and management of HIV infected patients require knowledge of the disease's pathology and the life threatening complications associated with it. Part 2 of this article reviews haematologic/oncologic, ocular, gastrointestinal, and treatment complications.",
keywords = "AIDS, ARV, CMV, HIV, IRIS, VZV",
author = "Amit Chandra and Jacqueline Firth and Abid Sheikh and Premal Patel",
year = "2013",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1016/j.afjem.2013.04.001",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "197--202",
journal = "African Journal of Emergency Medicine",
issn = "2211-419X",
publisher = "African Federation for Emergency Medicine",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Emergencies related to HIV infection and treatment (part 2)

AU - Chandra, Amit

AU - Firth, Jacqueline

AU - Sheikh, Abid

AU - Patel, Premal

PY - 2013/12

Y1 - 2013/12

N2 - HIV is a leading cause of mortality in resource limited settings, and HIV associated medical emergencies are common emergency department presentations in high-prevalence settings. HIV attacks the body's immune system, making infected individuals susceptible to severe infections of multiple organ systems including the respiratory tract, ocular structures, and central nervous system. HIV infected individuals also suffer from unique patterns of cardiac disease, gastrointestinal disturbances, and haematologic and oncologic conditions. Anti-retroviral therapy itself is also associated with numerous side effects, many of which can be life-threatening. Diagnosis and management of HIV infected patients require knowledge of the disease's pathology and the life threatening complications associated with it. Part 2 of this article reviews haematologic/oncologic, ocular, gastrointestinal, and treatment complications.

AB - HIV is a leading cause of mortality in resource limited settings, and HIV associated medical emergencies are common emergency department presentations in high-prevalence settings. HIV attacks the body's immune system, making infected individuals susceptible to severe infections of multiple organ systems including the respiratory tract, ocular structures, and central nervous system. HIV infected individuals also suffer from unique patterns of cardiac disease, gastrointestinal disturbances, and haematologic and oncologic conditions. Anti-retroviral therapy itself is also associated with numerous side effects, many of which can be life-threatening. Diagnosis and management of HIV infected patients require knowledge of the disease's pathology and the life threatening complications associated with it. Part 2 of this article reviews haematologic/oncologic, ocular, gastrointestinal, and treatment complications.

KW - AIDS

KW - ARV

KW - CMV

KW - HIV

KW - IRIS

KW - VZV

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84885446904&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84885446904&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.afjem.2013.04.001

DO - 10.1016/j.afjem.2013.04.001

M3 - Article

VL - 3

SP - 197

EP - 202

JO - African Journal of Emergency Medicine

JF - African Journal of Emergency Medicine

SN - 2211-419X

IS - 4

ER -