Emotional well-being of heart failure patients and their caregivers

Lorraine S. Evangelista, Kathleen Dracup, Lynn Doering, Cheryl Westlake, Gregg C. Fonarow, Michele Hamilton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


Background: Heart failure (HF) dramatically affects the lives of both patients and their caregivers, yet limited research exists examining the relationship between emotional well-being of HF patients and their caregivers. Therefore, we conducted a study to (1) describe and compare the emotional well-being of HF patients and their caregivers, (2) determine if gender differences exist in emotional well-being of patients and caregivers, and (3) identify factors associated with emotional well-being of HF patients. Methods: The emotional well-being of 103 patient-caregiver dyads was assessed using the mental health subscale of the SF-12. Results: Patients were 57.6 ± 12.1 years, predominantly Caucasian (76.7%) and male (67.0%). Caregivers were 59.5 ± 17.6 years, predominantly females (70.9%) and spouses of patients with HF (82.6%). Patients had significantly lower (poorer) emotional well-being scores than caregivers. Both gender and age were associated with patients' emotional well-being; male and younger participants had higher (better) scores than female and older patients (P < .05). In a multivariate model, patient's age, gender, and caregivers' emotional well-being accounted for 54% of the variance in patients' emotional well-being. Conclusion: We found that the emotional well-being of caregivers is associated with the emotional well-being of HF patients. Our findings suggest the need to focus on supporting caregivers and providing them with the strategies they need to support their loved ones with HF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)300-305
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cardiac Failure
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Gender differences
  • Quality of life
  • SF-12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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