Much of the workload of a typical gastroenterologist is devoted to screening patients for gastrointestinal malignancies. Efforts such as colorectal cancer screening via colonoscopy and endoscopic surveillance of patients with Barrett's esophagus are widespread and widely endorsed. In recent years, the armamentarium of endoscopy has broadened considerably and now affords physicians a variety of nonsurgical means to palliate malignant obstruction of the gastrointestinal tract. This article reviews endoscopic techniques to treat malignant esophageal, biliary, small bowel, and colonic obstruction.
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