Endotoxemia and cholestasis

Patrick Roughneen, S. C. Kumar, N. R. Pellis, B. J. Rowlands

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Endotoxemia has been incriminated as a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with obstructive jaundice. It has been postulated that absence of gastrointestinal bile salt flow in cholestasis enhances portal absorption of bacterial endotoxin from the intestine, thereby predisposing the host to endotoxemia and its complications. This study re-evaluates this pathologic mechanism, using new quantitative chromogenic and conventional qualitative limulus techniques for the detection of bacterial endotoxin. Female Sprague-Dawley rats underwent either ligation of bile duct or sham operation. Serum total bilirubin, serum bile acid and intestinal bile acid concentrations were determined seven, 14 and 21 days after operation. Chromogenic and conventional qualitative limulus lysate endotoxin determinations were simultaneously performed on postoperative days two, seven, 14 and 21. Serum total bilirubin and bile acid concentrations were elevated and intestinal bile acid levels depressed at days seven, 14 and 21 (p <0.05). Results of quantitative and qualitative limulus studies failed to demonstrate the coexisting development of portal or systemic endotoxemia in rats with the bile duct ligated after diminution of flow of gastrointestinal bile salt. These data refute the hypothesis that flow of gastrointestinal bile salt enhances portal absorption of intestinally derived endotoxin and suggest alternative mechanisms are involved in the pathogenesis of endotoxemia in obstructive jaundice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-210
Number of pages6
JournalSurgery Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume167
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

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Endotoxemia
Cholestasis
Bile Acids and Salts
Endotoxins
Horseshoe Crabs
Obstructive Jaundice
Bile Ducts
Bilirubin
Serum
Intestines
Ligation
Sprague Dawley Rats
Morbidity
Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Surgery

Cite this

Roughneen, P., Kumar, S. C., Pellis, N. R., & Rowlands, B. J. (1988). Endotoxemia and cholestasis. Surgery Gynecology and Obstetrics, 167(3), 205-210.

Endotoxemia and cholestasis. / Roughneen, Patrick; Kumar, S. C.; Pellis, N. R.; Rowlands, B. J.

In: Surgery Gynecology and Obstetrics, Vol. 167, No. 3, 1988, p. 205-210.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Roughneen, P, Kumar, SC, Pellis, NR & Rowlands, BJ 1988, 'Endotoxemia and cholestasis', Surgery Gynecology and Obstetrics, vol. 167, no. 3, pp. 205-210.
Roughneen P, Kumar SC, Pellis NR, Rowlands BJ. Endotoxemia and cholestasis. Surgery Gynecology and Obstetrics. 1988;167(3):205-210.
Roughneen, Patrick ; Kumar, S. C. ; Pellis, N. R. ; Rowlands, B. J. / Endotoxemia and cholestasis. In: Surgery Gynecology and Obstetrics. 1988 ; Vol. 167, No. 3. pp. 205-210.
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