Enhanced albumin synthesis in severely burned adults

Wenjun Z. Martini, Steven Wolf, David L. Chinkes, Kevin K. Chung, Michael A. Dubick, Lorne Blackbourne, Yong Ming Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Albumin plays an important role in maintaining physiological homeostasis. Although decreased albumin concentration has been well described as an acute-phase response following injury, it is unclear whether the decrease is due to compromised synthesis of albumin, dilution, or imbalance between synthesis and breakdown rates, particularly after injury. We investigated changes in albumin synthesis in severely burned patients using stable isotope infusion techniques. Five patients (29 ± 3 years; 80 ± 7 kg) with burn of 48% ± 4% total body surface area (TBSA) were enrolled and studied in the ICU at the Burn Unit of the US Army Institute of Surgical Research. Five age-and sex-matched healthy volunteers (33 ± 5 years; 81 ± 6 kg) were included as controls. On the study day (13 ± 3 days after burn), a primed constant infusion (4 h) of stable isotope d5-phenlylalanine and d3-ketoisocaproic acid was given. Hourly arterial blood samples were drawn during the infusion to determine albumin synthesis rates, using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis. Burned patients had higher heart and respiration rates. Plasma total protein in burn patients (4.5 ± 0.3 g • dL-1) was lower compared with controls (6.8 ± 0.2 g • dL-1). Plasma albumin concentration in burn patients (1.1 ± 0.1 g • dL-1) was also lower compared with controls (3.8 ± 0.1 g • dL-1; both P < 0.05). Albumin synthesis rate in burn patients (4.6 ± 0.2 mg • kg-1 • h) was enhanced compared with controls (2.2 ± 0.2 mg • kg-1 • h; P < 0.05). Despite the decrease in albumin concentration, albumin synthesis was enhanced in severely burned patients during the flow phase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)364-368
Number of pages5
JournalShock
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Albumins
Isotopes
Burn Units
Acute-Phase Reaction
Body Surface Area
Wounds and Injuries
Respiratory Rate
Serum Albumin
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Blood Proteins
Healthy Volunteers
Homeostasis
Heart Rate
Acids

Keywords

  • Burn injury
  • gas chromatography and mass spectrometry
  • stable isotopes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Martini, W. Z., Wolf, S., Chinkes, D. L., Chung, K. K., Dubick, M. A., Blackbourne, L., & Yu, Y. M. (2010). Enhanced albumin synthesis in severely burned adults. Shock, 34(4), 364-368. https://doi.org/10.1097/SHK.0b013e3181d8844b

Enhanced albumin synthesis in severely burned adults. / Martini, Wenjun Z.; Wolf, Steven; Chinkes, David L.; Chung, Kevin K.; Dubick, Michael A.; Blackbourne, Lorne; Yu, Yong Ming.

In: Shock, Vol. 34, No. 4, 01.10.2010, p. 364-368.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Martini, WZ, Wolf, S, Chinkes, DL, Chung, KK, Dubick, MA, Blackbourne, L & Yu, YM 2010, 'Enhanced albumin synthesis in severely burned adults', Shock, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 364-368. https://doi.org/10.1097/SHK.0b013e3181d8844b
Martini WZ, Wolf S, Chinkes DL, Chung KK, Dubick MA, Blackbourne L et al. Enhanced albumin synthesis in severely burned adults. Shock. 2010 Oct 1;34(4):364-368. https://doi.org/10.1097/SHK.0b013e3181d8844b
Martini, Wenjun Z. ; Wolf, Steven ; Chinkes, David L. ; Chung, Kevin K. ; Dubick, Michael A. ; Blackbourne, Lorne ; Yu, Yong Ming. / Enhanced albumin synthesis in severely burned adults. In: Shock. 2010 ; Vol. 34, No. 4. pp. 364-368.
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