Enteral amino acid and protein digestion, absorption, and metabolism

David K. Rassin, Karen Shattuck

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The amino acid requirements of neonates continue to be an area of investigation despite numerous studies, due to the complexity of determining these requirements within the ever-changing biochemical environment of the developing infant. In the following discussion some of the issues related to digestibility and absorption, special aspects of development as they impact on requirements-including aminoacid metabolismandinfant responses toaminoacid variations in the diet-will be addressed. Protein is often assessed for its function in infant nutrition based on its role in supporting growth. However, protein is responsible for supplying some 20 individual amino acids with a variety of specific functions, as well as serving as precursors for a number of biologically active proteins (for example enzymes, cytokines, and immunoglobulins) that have more complex roles than to merely supply the amino acid building blocks for the body’s proteins.1The major conundrum in determining protein requirements for infants is that human milk proteins are fundamentally different than the proteins supplied in various substitution formulas. Human milk is perfectly satisfactory nutrition for the healthy term infant (and is also usually satisfactory for preterm infants when supplemented with additional nutrients to support the greater requirements of these infants). Thus, the determination of infant protein requirements is often an exercise in comparing human milk protein nutriture to various possible substitutes (adapted cow milk or soy proteins, usually).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNeonatal Nutrition and Metabolism, Second Edition
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages332-339
Number of pages8
Volume9780521824552
ISBN (Print)9780511544712, 0521824559, 9780521824552
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Rassin, D. K., & Shattuck, K. (2006). Enteral amino acid and protein digestion, absorption, and metabolism. In Neonatal Nutrition and Metabolism, Second Edition (Vol. 9780521824552, pp. 332-339). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511544712.022