Environmental effects on language development in normal and high-risk child populations

Susan H. Landry, Karen E. Smith, Paul R. Swank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This report describes language development from infancy through 8 years of life for a large sample of very low birth weight (VLBW) (high medical risk, n = 94; low medical risk, n = 132) and term (n = 134) children. Children of high and low medical risk status showed lower levels and slower rates of development compared with term children. Although these children also showed nonverbal cognitive deficits, their language difficulties appeared to be independent of these general cognitive problems. Although lower socioeconomic status (SES) showed strong negative effects on rate of language development, this was comparable across the three risk groups. Within this generally lower SES sample of children, the type of interactive behaviors caregivers used in early childhood showed significant relations to skill growth. Children with faster rates of language growth had mothers who maintained their interests more often and were less likely to use highly directive behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)192-200
Number of pages9
JournalSeminars in Pediatric Neurology
Volume9
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2002

Fingerprint

Language Development
Population
Social Class
Language
Very Low Birth Weight Infant
Child Behavior
Growth
Caregivers
Mothers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Environmental effects on language development in normal and high-risk child populations. / Landry, Susan H.; Smith, Karen E.; Swank, Paul R.

In: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology, Vol. 9, No. 3, 09.2002, p. 192-200.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Landry, Susan H. ; Smith, Karen E. ; Swank, Paul R. / Environmental effects on language development in normal and high-risk child populations. In: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology. 2002 ; Vol. 9, No. 3. pp. 192-200.
@article{50f9cd73caf24947b2d8b38ec97bbf18,
title = "Environmental effects on language development in normal and high-risk child populations",
abstract = "This report describes language development from infancy through 8 years of life for a large sample of very low birth weight (VLBW) (high medical risk, n = 94; low medical risk, n = 132) and term (n = 134) children. Children of high and low medical risk status showed lower levels and slower rates of development compared with term children. Although these children also showed nonverbal cognitive deficits, their language difficulties appeared to be independent of these general cognitive problems. Although lower socioeconomic status (SES) showed strong negative effects on rate of language development, this was comparable across the three risk groups. Within this generally lower SES sample of children, the type of interactive behaviors caregivers used in early childhood showed significant relations to skill growth. Children with faster rates of language growth had mothers who maintained their interests more often and were less likely to use highly directive behaviors.",
author = "Landry, {Susan H.} and Smith, {Karen E.} and Swank, {Paul R.}",
year = "2002",
month = "9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "9",
pages = "192--200",
journal = "Seminars in Pediatric Neurology",
issn = "1071-9091",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Environmental effects on language development in normal and high-risk child populations

AU - Landry, Susan H.

AU - Smith, Karen E.

AU - Swank, Paul R.

PY - 2002/9

Y1 - 2002/9

N2 - This report describes language development from infancy through 8 years of life for a large sample of very low birth weight (VLBW) (high medical risk, n = 94; low medical risk, n = 132) and term (n = 134) children. Children of high and low medical risk status showed lower levels and slower rates of development compared with term children. Although these children also showed nonverbal cognitive deficits, their language difficulties appeared to be independent of these general cognitive problems. Although lower socioeconomic status (SES) showed strong negative effects on rate of language development, this was comparable across the three risk groups. Within this generally lower SES sample of children, the type of interactive behaviors caregivers used in early childhood showed significant relations to skill growth. Children with faster rates of language growth had mothers who maintained their interests more often and were less likely to use highly directive behaviors.

AB - This report describes language development from infancy through 8 years of life for a large sample of very low birth weight (VLBW) (high medical risk, n = 94; low medical risk, n = 132) and term (n = 134) children. Children of high and low medical risk status showed lower levels and slower rates of development compared with term children. Although these children also showed nonverbal cognitive deficits, their language difficulties appeared to be independent of these general cognitive problems. Although lower socioeconomic status (SES) showed strong negative effects on rate of language development, this was comparable across the three risk groups. Within this generally lower SES sample of children, the type of interactive behaviors caregivers used in early childhood showed significant relations to skill growth. Children with faster rates of language growth had mothers who maintained their interests more often and were less likely to use highly directive behaviors.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036744543&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0036744543&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 192

EP - 200

JO - Seminars in Pediatric Neurology

JF - Seminars in Pediatric Neurology

SN - 1071-9091

IS - 3

ER -