Eosinophil degranulation in the respiratory tract during naturally acquired respiratory syncytial virus infection

Roberto Garofalo, Jan L L Kimpen, Robert C. Welliver, Pearay L. Ogra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

232 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Eosinophil cationic protein (ECP), a cytotoxic protein contained in the granules of eosinophils, has been suggested as having an important role in the pathogenesis of asthma. To determine whether ECP plays a similar role in bronchiolitis, we tested samples of nasopharyngeal secretions, obtained from a group of 47 children with various forms of illness related to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and from 26 children with non-RSV upper respiratory tract illness or bacterial pneumonia, for the presence of ECP by means of a double-antibody radioimmunoassay. Concentrations of ECP in children with RSV bronchiolitis were significantly higher (166.8 ng/ml) than the mean concentration of ECP in both groups of children with RSV upper respiratory tract illness (43.5 ng/ml, p<0.002) and RSV lower respiratory tract disease without wheezing (29.1 ng/ml; p<0.0002). Children with non-RSV upper respiratory tract illness or bacterial pneumonia had levels of ECP in nasopharyngeal secretions similar to those of children with RSV upper respiratory tract illness or RSV pneumonia. High ECP levels in nasopharyngeal secretions (>50 ng/ml) were predictive of the development of bronchiolitis at the time of RSV infection (p<0.001), and the individual ECP levels correlated with severity of the disease as determined by the initial Pao2 concentrations (p <0.05). These data suggest that eosinophil degranulation in the respiratory tract occurs during RSV bronchiolitis and may play a significant role in the development of virus-induced airway obstruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-32
Number of pages5
JournalThe Journal of pediatrics
Volume120
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

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Eosinophil Cationic Protein
Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections
Eosinophils
Respiratory System
Bronchiolitis
Respiratory Syncytial Viruses
Viruses
Bacterial Pneumonia
Airway Obstruction
Radioimmunoassay
Asthma
Antibodies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Eosinophil degranulation in the respiratory tract during naturally acquired respiratory syncytial virus infection. / Garofalo, Roberto; Kimpen, Jan L L; Welliver, Robert C.; Ogra, Pearay L.

In: The Journal of pediatrics, Vol. 120, No. 1, 1992, p. 28-32.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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