Epidermal growth factor limits structural alterations in gastrointestinal tissues and decreases bacterial translocation in burned mice

Ramon Zapata Sirvent, John F. Hansbrough, Paul Wolf, Leila S. Grayson, Margery Nicolson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Burn injury produces acute gastrointestinal derangements that may predispose to bacterial translocation (BT). We studied effects of recombinant human epidermal growth factor (r-HuEGF), a gastrointestinal trophic hormone, on gastrointestinal alterations and BT after murine burn injury. Methods. r-HuEGF was administered 1 and 12 hours after burn injury in a dose of 4 μg per animal subcutaneously after 25% and 32% total body surface area (TBSA) scald burn. Small bowel and gastric weight and histologic factors were studied, and BT was measured by culturing mesenteric lymph nodes. Results. Mice treated with r-HuEGF maintained gastric and small intestine weight, measured 24 hours after burn injury, and ileal mucosal height was preserved, whereas burned-untreated mice lost organ weight and mucosal height. BT was decreased significantly in mice with 32% TBSA burn injury treated with r-HuEGF after injury (burn, 64.2% of animals had BT; burn-r-HuEGF, 34.6% had BT; p < 0.05). After 25% TBSA burn injury, BT was also decreased in r-HuEGF-treated animals (burn, 31.4% of animals had BT; burn-r-HuEGF, 14.3% had BT), but the difference was not statistically significant (p < 0.1). Conclusions. r-HuEGF improves intestinal and gastric structure in mice 24 hours after burn injury and decreases BT after 32% TBSA burn injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)564-573
Number of pages10
JournalSurgery
Volume113
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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