Epigenetic Regulation by Agonist-Specific Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Recruitment of Metastasis-Associated Protein 2 Selectively Induces Stanniocalcin 2 Expression

Aditya D. Joshi, Ekram Hossain, Cornelis Elferink

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that regulates a plethora of target genes. Historically, the AhR has been studied as a regulator of xenobiotic metabolizing enzyme genes, notably cytochrome P4501A1 encoded by CYP1A1, in response to the exogenous prototypical ligand 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). AhR activity depends on its binding to the xenobiotic response element (XRE) in partnership with the AhR nuclear translocator (Arnt). Recent studies identified stanniocalcin 2 (Stc2) as a novel AhR target gene responsive to the endogenous AhR agonist cinnabarinic acid (CA). CA-dependent AhR-XRE-mediated Stc2 upregulation is responsible for cytoprotection against ectoplasmic reticulum/oxidative stress-induced apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo. Significantly, CA but not TCDD induces expression of Stc2 in hepatocytes. In contrast to TCDD, CA is unable to induce the CYP1A1 gene, thus revealing an AhR agonist-specific mutually exclusive dichotomous transcriptional response. Studies reported here provide a mechanistic explanation for this differential response by identifying an interaction between the AhR and the metastasis-associated protein 2 (MTA2). Moreover, the AhR-MTA2 interaction is CA-dependent and results in MTA2 recruitment to the Stc2 promoter, concomitant with agonist-specific epigenetic modifications targeting histone H4 lysine acetylation. The results demonstrate that histone H4 acetylation is absolutely dependent on CA-induced AhR and MTA2 recruitment to the Stc2 regulatory region and induced Stc2 gene expression, which in turn confers cytoprotection to liver cells exposed to chemical insults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)366-374
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Pharmacology
Volume92
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

Fingerprint

Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptors
Epigenomics
Neoplasm Metastasis
Proteins
Xenobiotics
Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1
Cytoprotection
Response Elements
Acetylation
Histones
Genes
Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Nuclear Translocator
teleocalcin
Ligands
Reticulum
Nucleic Acid Regulatory Sequences
Cytochromes
Lysine
cinnabarinic acid
Hepatocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

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title = "Epigenetic Regulation by Agonist-Specific Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Recruitment of Metastasis-Associated Protein 2 Selectively Induces Stanniocalcin 2 Expression",
abstract = "The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that regulates a plethora of target genes. Historically, the AhR has been studied as a regulator of xenobiotic metabolizing enzyme genes, notably cytochrome P4501A1 encoded by CYP1A1, in response to the exogenous prototypical ligand 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). AhR activity depends on its binding to the xenobiotic response element (XRE) in partnership with the AhR nuclear translocator (Arnt). Recent studies identified stanniocalcin 2 (Stc2) as a novel AhR target gene responsive to the endogenous AhR agonist cinnabarinic acid (CA). CA-dependent AhR-XRE-mediated Stc2 upregulation is responsible for cytoprotection against ectoplasmic reticulum/oxidative stress-induced apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo. Significantly, CA but not TCDD induces expression of Stc2 in hepatocytes. In contrast to TCDD, CA is unable to induce the CYP1A1 gene, thus revealing an AhR agonist-specific mutually exclusive dichotomous transcriptional response. Studies reported here provide a mechanistic explanation for this differential response by identifying an interaction between the AhR and the metastasis-associated protein 2 (MTA2). Moreover, the AhR-MTA2 interaction is CA-dependent and results in MTA2 recruitment to the Stc2 promoter, concomitant with agonist-specific epigenetic modifications targeting histone H4 lysine acetylation. The results demonstrate that histone H4 acetylation is absolutely dependent on CA-induced AhR and MTA2 recruitment to the Stc2 regulatory region and induced Stc2 gene expression, which in turn confers cytoprotection to liver cells exposed to chemical insults.",
author = "Joshi, {Aditya D.} and Ekram Hossain and Cornelis Elferink",
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T1 - Epigenetic Regulation by Agonist-Specific Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Recruitment of Metastasis-Associated Protein 2 Selectively Induces Stanniocalcin 2 Expression

AU - Joshi, Aditya D.

AU - Hossain, Ekram

AU - Elferink, Cornelis

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N2 - The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that regulates a plethora of target genes. Historically, the AhR has been studied as a regulator of xenobiotic metabolizing enzyme genes, notably cytochrome P4501A1 encoded by CYP1A1, in response to the exogenous prototypical ligand 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). AhR activity depends on its binding to the xenobiotic response element (XRE) in partnership with the AhR nuclear translocator (Arnt). Recent studies identified stanniocalcin 2 (Stc2) as a novel AhR target gene responsive to the endogenous AhR agonist cinnabarinic acid (CA). CA-dependent AhR-XRE-mediated Stc2 upregulation is responsible for cytoprotection against ectoplasmic reticulum/oxidative stress-induced apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo. Significantly, CA but not TCDD induces expression of Stc2 in hepatocytes. In contrast to TCDD, CA is unable to induce the CYP1A1 gene, thus revealing an AhR agonist-specific mutually exclusive dichotomous transcriptional response. Studies reported here provide a mechanistic explanation for this differential response by identifying an interaction between the AhR and the metastasis-associated protein 2 (MTA2). Moreover, the AhR-MTA2 interaction is CA-dependent and results in MTA2 recruitment to the Stc2 promoter, concomitant with agonist-specific epigenetic modifications targeting histone H4 lysine acetylation. The results demonstrate that histone H4 acetylation is absolutely dependent on CA-induced AhR and MTA2 recruitment to the Stc2 regulatory region and induced Stc2 gene expression, which in turn confers cytoprotection to liver cells exposed to chemical insults.

AB - The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that regulates a plethora of target genes. Historically, the AhR has been studied as a regulator of xenobiotic metabolizing enzyme genes, notably cytochrome P4501A1 encoded by CYP1A1, in response to the exogenous prototypical ligand 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). AhR activity depends on its binding to the xenobiotic response element (XRE) in partnership with the AhR nuclear translocator (Arnt). Recent studies identified stanniocalcin 2 (Stc2) as a novel AhR target gene responsive to the endogenous AhR agonist cinnabarinic acid (CA). CA-dependent AhR-XRE-mediated Stc2 upregulation is responsible for cytoprotection against ectoplasmic reticulum/oxidative stress-induced apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo. Significantly, CA but not TCDD induces expression of Stc2 in hepatocytes. In contrast to TCDD, CA is unable to induce the CYP1A1 gene, thus revealing an AhR agonist-specific mutually exclusive dichotomous transcriptional response. Studies reported here provide a mechanistic explanation for this differential response by identifying an interaction between the AhR and the metastasis-associated protein 2 (MTA2). Moreover, the AhR-MTA2 interaction is CA-dependent and results in MTA2 recruitment to the Stc2 promoter, concomitant with agonist-specific epigenetic modifications targeting histone H4 lysine acetylation. The results demonstrate that histone H4 acetylation is absolutely dependent on CA-induced AhR and MTA2 recruitment to the Stc2 regulatory region and induced Stc2 gene expression, which in turn confers cytoprotection to liver cells exposed to chemical insults.

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