Ethanol and protein turnover

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Protein turnover can be profoundly influenced by ethanol intake in humans. The effects of ethanol are mostly due to its oxidation and oxidative by-products, are dose related and dependent upon the drinking pattern. Acute alcohol drinking in non-habitual ethanol users induces a shift in liver redox state that appears to be responsible for a reduction in liver export protein synthesis and/or secretion. The production of reducing equivalents combined with increased acetate availability in the peripheral tissues are likely to be responsible for the reduced protein oxidation rate observed in these circumstances. Chronic ethanol abuse induces loss of nitrogen and muscle wasting with different mechanisms. Despite several discrepancies between studies performed to assess the mechanisms of protein loss in chronic ethanol abuse, it is reasonable to hypothesize that tissue-specific imbalances between protein synthesis and protein catabolism are probably responsible for the loss of nitrogen in habitual alcohol abusers. A number of studies have shown that skeletal muscle protein synthesis is reduced with chronic alcohol abuse, whereas indirect evidence suggests that increased intestinal protein breakdown might be responsible for the reduction in intestinal protein content. In conclusion, there is the need for new studies focusing on the effects of ethanol on the turnover rate of specific tissues and proteins. Given the recent evidence of a protective effect of moderate alcohol intake on the cardiovascular system, particular attention should be paid to dose-response studies in habitual drinkers of low to moderate doses of alcohol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEthanol and the Liver
Subtitle of host publicationMechanisms and Management
PublisherCRC Press
Pages265-296
Number of pages32
ISBN (Electronic)9781420024272
ISBN (Print)9780415275828
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Ethanol
Proteins
Alcohols
Nitrogen
Gastrointestinal Contents
Muscle Proteins
Liver
Cardiovascular System
Alcohol Drinking
Alcoholism
Drinking
Oxidation-Reduction
Skeletal Muscle
Acetates
Muscles

Keywords

  • Liver
  • Muscle
  • Oxidation
  • Protein metabolism
  • Synthesis
  • Tracers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Volpi, E. (2002). Ethanol and protein turnover. In Ethanol and the Liver: Mechanisms and Management (pp. 265-296). CRC Press.

Ethanol and protein turnover. / Volpi, Elena.

Ethanol and the Liver: Mechanisms and Management. CRC Press, 2002. p. 265-296.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Volpi, E 2002, Ethanol and protein turnover. in Ethanol and the Liver: Mechanisms and Management. CRC Press, pp. 265-296.
Volpi E. Ethanol and protein turnover. In Ethanol and the Liver: Mechanisms and Management. CRC Press. 2002. p. 265-296
Volpi, Elena. / Ethanol and protein turnover. Ethanol and the Liver: Mechanisms and Management. CRC Press, 2002. pp. 265-296
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