Evaluation and management of lower gastrointestinal bleeding

Aun Raza Shah, Vikram Jala, Hammad Arshad, Mohammad Bilal

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) is a common cause of presentation to the emergency department and hospital admissions. The incidence of LGIB increases with age and the most common etiologies are diverticulosis, angiodysplasia, malignancy and anorectal diseases. Foremost modality for evaluation and treatment of LGIB is colonosopy. Other diagnostic tools such as nuclear scintigraphy, computed tomography, angiography and capsule endoscopy are also frequently used in the workup of LGIB. Choice of treatment modality depends on the hemodynamic status of the patient, rate of bleeding, expertise and available resources. We present a comprehensive review of the evaluation and management of LGIB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-332
Number of pages12
JournalDisease-a-Month
Volume64
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

Keywords

  • Diverticular bleeding
  • Diverticulosis
  • Hematochezia
  • Lower gastrointestinal bleeding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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