Evaluation of generic medical information accessed via mobile phones at the point of care in resource-limited settings

Hayley Goldbach, Aileen Y. Chang, Andrea Kyer, Dineo Ketshogileng, Lynne Taylor, Amit Chandra, Matthew Dacso, Shiang Ju Kung, Taatske Rijken, Paul Fontelo, Ryan Littman-Quinn, Anne K. Seymour, Carrie L. Kovarik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Many mobile phone resources have been developed to increase access to health education in the developing world, yet few studies have compared these resources or quantified their performance in a resourcelimited setting. This study aims to compare the performance of resident physicians in answering clinical scenarios using PubMed abstracts accessed via the PubMed for Handhelds (PubMed4Hh) website versus medical/drug reference applications (Medical Apps) accessed via software on the mobile phone. Methods A two-arm comparative study with crossover design was conducted. Subjects, who were resident physicians at the University of Botswana, completed eight scenarios, each with multi-part questions. The primary outcome was a grade for each question. The primary independent variable was the intervention arm and other independent variables included residency and question. Results Within each question type there were significant differences in 'percentage correct' between Medical Apps and PubMed4Hh for three of the six types of questions: drug-related, diagnosis/definitions, and treatment/management. Within each of these question types, Medical Apps had a higher percentage of fully correct responses than PubMed4Hh (63% vs 13%, 33% vs 12%, and 41% vs 13%, respectively). PubMed4Hh performed better for epidemiologic questions. Conclusions While mobile access to primary literature remains important and serves an information niche, mobile applications with condensed content may be more appropriate for point-of-care information needs. Further research is required to examine the specific information needs of clinicians in resource-limited settings and to evaluate the appropriateness of current resources in bridging location- and context-specific information gaps.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-42
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Medical Informatics Association
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics

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    Goldbach, H., Chang, A. Y., Kyer, A., Ketshogileng, D., Taylor, L., Chandra, A., Dacso, M., Kung, S. J., Rijken, T., Fontelo, P., Littman-Quinn, R., Seymour, A. K., & Kovarik, C. L. (2014). Evaluation of generic medical information accessed via mobile phones at the point of care in resource-limited settings. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 21(1), 37-42. https://doi.org/10.1136/amiajnl-2012-001276