Evaluation of Right-Side Filling Pressure in Patients With Obesity With Heart Failure Using Handheld Ultrasound Score

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Abstract

The goal of this investigation is to evaluate the accuracy of handheld ultrasound score in assessing right atrial (RA) pressure in patients with obesity with heart failure. We prospectively studied 123 patients with heart failure referred for right-sided cardiac catheterization. Handheld ultrasound was performed before catheterization to evaluate volume status by estimating RA pressure using end-expiratory inferior vena cava (IVC) dimension, IVC respiratory collapsibility, and right internal jugular (RIJ) vein respiratory collapsibility. A 3-point simple score was created using multiple logistic regression. The patients were divided into 2 groups based on body mass index. The performance of this score was assessed using the receiver operating characteristics curve in each subgroup and was compared with the performance of the 2-point score (expiratory IVC dimension, IVC respiratory collapsibility). Median age was 58 years (interquartile range 48 to 65), and 37% were women. The 3-point score including RIJ performed better than did the 2-point score in patients with obesity (area under the curve 0.84 [0.74 to 0.95] vs 0.69 [0.58 to 0.81], p = 0.001). The performance of the scores did not differ in patients without obesity (area under the curve 0.85 [0.74 to 0.95] vs 0.82 [0.71 to 0.93], p = 0.49). In patients with obesity, the 3-point score had a specificity of 100% and sensitivity of 21% (11% to 31%) for elevated RA pressure ≥10 mm Hg. In conclusion, a 3-point score including both RIJ and IVC assessment performed better in patients with obesity with heart failure and highlights the importance of comprehensive evaluation in patients with obesity to achieve an accurate, noninvasive assessment of volume status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-50
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume210
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2024

Keywords

  • handheld ultrasound
  • heart failure
  • inferior vena cava
  • obesity
  • right internal jugular
  • volume status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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