Evidence-based practice

Methods to evaluate individual patient improvement

Kenneth Ottenbacher, Steven R. Hinderer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The expectations and demands associated with evidence-based practice in medical rehabilitation require the use of research procedures that are practice based and practitioner oriented. Traditional research methods, including randomized clinical trials, are powerful techniques for determining the efficacy of rehabilitation interventions; however, randomized clinical trials have some practical and ethical limitations when applied to many research questions important to the field of medical rehabilitation, and alternative methods are needed to fully examine the effectiveness of treatment techniques for individual patients and to document clinical accountability. This paper examines the use of single-system designs and N of 1 research strategies. The advantages and limitations of single-system methods are described, and examples relevant to the documentation of clinical outcomes in medical rehabilitation are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)786-796
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume80
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Evidence-Based Practice
Rehabilitation
Research
Randomized Controlled Trials
Social Responsibility
Documentation

Keywords

  • Clinical Evaluation
  • Research
  • Single Subject

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Evidence-based practice : Methods to evaluate individual patient improvement. / Ottenbacher, Kenneth; Hinderer, Steven R.

In: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 80, No. 10, 2001, p. 786-796.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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