Evidence linking microRNA suppression of essential prosurvival genes with hippocampal cell death after traumatic brain injury

Deborah Kennedy Boone, Harris A. Weisz, Min Bi, Michael T. Falduto, Karen E.O. Torres, Hannah E. Willey, Christina M. Volsko, Anjali M. Kumar, Maria Adelaide Micci, Douglas S. Dewitt, Donald S. Prough, Helen L. Hellmich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The underlying molecular mechanisms of how dysregulated microRNAs (miRNAs) cause neurodegeneration after traumatic brain injury (TBI) remain elusive. Here we analyzed the biological roles of approximately 600 genes-we previously found these dysregulated in dying and surviving rat hippocampal neurons-that are targeted by ten TBI-altered miRNAs. Bioinformatic analysis suggests that neurodegeneration results from a global miRNA-mediated suppression of genes essential for maintaining proteostasis; many are hub genes-involved in RNA processing, cytoskeletal metabolism, intracellular trafficking, cell cycle progression, repair/maintenance, bioenergetics and cell-cell signaling-whose disrupted expression is linked to human disease. Notably, dysregulation of these essential genes would significantly impair synaptic function and functional brain connectivity. In surviving neurons, upregulated miRNA target genes are co-regulated members of prosurvival pathways associated with cellular regeneration, neural plasticity, and development. This study captures the diversity of miRNA-regulated genes that may be essential for cell repair and survival responses after TBI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6645
JournalScientific reports
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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    Boone, D. K., Weisz, H. A., Bi, M., Falduto, M. T., Torres, K. E. O., Willey, H. E., Volsko, C. M., Kumar, A. M., Micci, M. A., Dewitt, D. S., Prough, D. S., & Hellmich, H. L. (2017). Evidence linking microRNA suppression of essential prosurvival genes with hippocampal cell death after traumatic brain injury. Scientific reports, 7(1), [6645]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-06341-6