An association has been reported between alterations in fatty acid metabolism and cystic fibrosis (CF). We hypothesized that these alterations are specific for a particular lipid component(s) and are the result of a specific metabolic defect. The different lipid classes were examined for fatty acid changes by using pancreatic homogenates and primary cultures of pancreatic acini from cftr-/- (CF) and wild-type mice. Lipid classes and phospholipids were separated by aminopropyl column chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography, and fatty acid methyl esters were analyzed. The results indicate that in CF mice (1) linoleate was decreased in phospholipids but not in neutral lipids; (2) there was an increase in dihomo-γ-linolenate and in docosapentaenoate, the terminal fatty acid of the n-6 pathway, in total lipids and total phospholipids, but not in the neutral lipid class; and (3) the docosapentaenoate (n-6)/docosahexaenoate (n-3) ratio was significantly elevated in neutral phospholipids. This suggests an enhanced flux through the n-6 pathway beyond arachidonate. This study provides a more in-depth understanding of the fatty acid alterations found in CF, as reflected by the cftr-/- mouse model.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism