Examination of Cancer and Aging Through Activities of Daily Living: A National Health and Aging Trends Study Analysis

Rachelle Brick, Elizabeth R. Skidmore, Soham Al Snih, Lauren Terhorst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: This study longitudinally examined how older adult cancer survivors perceive disability in activities of daily living over time compared to older adults who have not had cancer. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of the National Health and Aging Trends Study examining participants with a new cancer diagnosis and age-, gender-, and comorbidity-matched comparison participants without a history of cancer. Generalized linear mixed models examined time and group interaction and main effects in disability. Results: There was a significant main effect of time (F4,771 = 12.81; p <.0001) demonstrating increasing disability levels for both groups. There were significant group differences, with higher disability in the cancer group than the comparison group (β = 0.628, SE = 0.263; t = 2.39, p = 0.017). Discussion: Although perceived disability was greater immediately following cancer diagnosis, older adult cancer survivors and comparison participants appear to have similar perceived disability over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of aging and health
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • activities of daily living
  • cancer rehabilitation
  • neoplasm
  • older adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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