Examining differences in characteristics between patients receiving primary care from nurse practitioners or physicians using Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey data and Medicare claims data

Figaro L. Loresto, Daniel Jupiter, Yong Fang Kuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Few studies have examined differences in functional, cognitive, and psychological factors between patients utilizing only nurse practitioners (NPs) and those utilizing only primary care medical doctors (PCMDs) for primary care. Purpose: Patients utilizing NP-only or PCMD-only models for primary care will be characterized and compared in terms of functional, cognitive, and psychological factors. Methodology: Cohorts were obtained from the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey linked to Medicare claims data. Weighted analysis was conducted to compare the patients within the two care models in terms of functional, cognitive, and psychological factors. Results: From 2007 to 2013, there was a 170% increase in patients utilizing only NPs for primary care. In terms of health status, patients utilizing only NPs in their primary care were not statistically different from patients utilizing only PCMDs. Conclusion: There is a perception that NPs, as compared with PCMDs, tend to provide care to healthier patients. Our results are contrary to this perception. In terms of health status, NP-only patients are similar to PCMD-only patients. Implications for practice: Results of this study may inform research comparing NP-only care and PCMD-only care using Medicare and the utilization of NPs in primary care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)340-347
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

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Nurse Practitioners
Medicare
Primary Health Care
Physicians
Psychology
Health Status
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • descriptive research
  • epidemiology
  • Nurse practitioners
  • primary care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Background: Few studies have examined differences in functional, cognitive, and psychological factors between patients utilizing only nurse practitioners (NPs) and those utilizing only primary care medical doctors (PCMDs) for primary care. Purpose: Patients utilizing NP-only or PCMD-only models for primary care will be characterized and compared in terms of functional, cognitive, and psychological factors. Methodology: Cohorts were obtained from the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey linked to Medicare claims data. Weighted analysis was conducted to compare the patients within the two care models in terms of functional, cognitive, and psychological factors. Results: From 2007 to 2013, there was a 170{\%} increase in patients utilizing only NPs for primary care. In terms of health status, patients utilizing only NPs in their primary care were not statistically different from patients utilizing only PCMDs. Conclusion: There is a perception that NPs, as compared with PCMDs, tend to provide care to healthier patients. Our results are contrary to this perception. In terms of health status, NP-only patients are similar to PCMD-only patients. Implications for practice: Results of this study may inform research comparing NP-only care and PCMD-only care using Medicare and the utilization of NPs in primary care.",
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N2 - Background: Few studies have examined differences in functional, cognitive, and psychological factors between patients utilizing only nurse practitioners (NPs) and those utilizing only primary care medical doctors (PCMDs) for primary care. Purpose: Patients utilizing NP-only or PCMD-only models for primary care will be characterized and compared in terms of functional, cognitive, and psychological factors. Methodology: Cohorts were obtained from the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey linked to Medicare claims data. Weighted analysis was conducted to compare the patients within the two care models in terms of functional, cognitive, and psychological factors. Results: From 2007 to 2013, there was a 170% increase in patients utilizing only NPs for primary care. In terms of health status, patients utilizing only NPs in their primary care were not statistically different from patients utilizing only PCMDs. Conclusion: There is a perception that NPs, as compared with PCMDs, tend to provide care to healthier patients. Our results are contrary to this perception. In terms of health status, NP-only patients are similar to PCMD-only patients. Implications for practice: Results of this study may inform research comparing NP-only care and PCMD-only care using Medicare and the utilization of NPs in primary care.

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