Expedition one: Assessing group dynamics in a desert mars simulation

Sheryl L. Bishop, Steve Dawson, Nishi Rawat, Kate Reynolds, Rachael Eggins

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Purpose: In February, 2003, The Mars Society of Canada and the Mars Society Australia launched a joint venture, Expedition One, involving a four-phase program in which a large team of 26 people rotated through the MDRS Utah desert habitat to carry out an integrated program. With 14 researchers in residence at any one time, Expedition One culminated in Phase IV, a final 6-day phase with a 7 person crew in residence and 3 others away from the habitat on a 5 day rover traverse. A specific focus of this study was to investigate the role of personality and stress levels on crew interactions and mission functioning during the Phase IV segment. The overall purpose was to characterize the Mars-like Mission Environment in terms of its Stressors, and to develop countermeasures for future crews aimed at increasing crew performance and mission success. Methodology: The measures utilized in this study assessed crew psychological traits, perceptions of group/team functioning, and stress states. Results: Data from the 10 Phase IV team members was collected: 7 men and 3 women, age ranged from 22-61 years of age. EVA activities fostered the formation of two subgroups which represented a source of stress and provoked incidences of conflict. Correlations between assessments of fairness and respect, stress, organizational citizenship behaviour, motivation and personality measures (NEO-PI, AstroPCI, Revised Jenkins Activity) returned a pattern of significant relationships. Conclusions: Results from these various measures during Phase IV support the formation of subgroups as well as significant relationships between personal and group functioning, personality and stress measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Astronautical Federation - 55th International Astronautical Congress 2004
Pages1518-1528
Number of pages11
Volume3
StatePublished - 2004
EventInternational Astronautical Federation - 55th International Astronautical Congress 2004 - Vancouver, Canada
Duration: Oct 4 2004Oct 8 2004

Other

OtherInternational Astronautical Federation - 55th International Astronautical Congress 2004
CountryCanada
CityVancouver
Period10/4/0410/8/04

Fingerprint

group dynamics
expeditions
crews
deserts
mars
Mars
personality
desert
habitats
simulation
subgroups
Mars missions
extravehicular activity
near Earth objects
countermeasures
joint venture
habitat
citizenship
Canada
incidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Bishop, S. L., Dawson, S., Rawat, N., Reynolds, K., & Eggins, R. (2004). Expedition one: Assessing group dynamics in a desert mars simulation. In International Astronautical Federation - 55th International Astronautical Congress 2004 (Vol. 3, pp. 1518-1528)

Expedition one : Assessing group dynamics in a desert mars simulation. / Bishop, Sheryl L.; Dawson, Steve; Rawat, Nishi; Reynolds, Kate; Eggins, Rachael.

International Astronautical Federation - 55th International Astronautical Congress 2004. Vol. 3 2004. p. 1518-1528.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Bishop, SL, Dawson, S, Rawat, N, Reynolds, K & Eggins, R 2004, Expedition one: Assessing group dynamics in a desert mars simulation. in International Astronautical Federation - 55th International Astronautical Congress 2004. vol. 3, pp. 1518-1528, International Astronautical Federation - 55th International Astronautical Congress 2004, Vancouver, Canada, 10/4/04.
Bishop SL, Dawson S, Rawat N, Reynolds K, Eggins R. Expedition one: Assessing group dynamics in a desert mars simulation. In International Astronautical Federation - 55th International Astronautical Congress 2004. Vol. 3. 2004. p. 1518-1528
Bishop, Sheryl L. ; Dawson, Steve ; Rawat, Nishi ; Reynolds, Kate ; Eggins, Rachael. / Expedition one : Assessing group dynamics in a desert mars simulation. International Astronautical Federation - 55th International Astronautical Congress 2004. Vol. 3 2004. pp. 1518-1528
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