Exploring the Associations between Patient Affect, Self-Care Actions, and Emergency Department Use for Community-Dwelling Adults

Huey-Ming Tzeng, James Marcus Pierson, Yu Kang, Anne Barker, Chang Yi Yin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


Background: Nurses and other health care providers need to ensure that patients receive care that addresses their specific needs and wants. Purpose: This exploratory study examined the associations between patients' self-reported positive and negative affect, the perceived importance of 57 self-care actions, the desire and ability to perform them, and emergency department use in the past 3 months. Methods: A secondary analysis from a cross-sectional survey project that surveyed 250 community-dwelling adults living in the southern United States, 2015-2016. Independent t tests and the χ 2 test were used. Results: Positive affect was associated with positive perceptions of self-care actions and having no emergency department visit. Patients with a more negative affect perceived finding and using services that support their health behaviors as being important and expressed a desire to participate in local health screening or wellness events. Conclusions: Patients' perceptions of their self-care actions could lead to better outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-179
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nursing Care Quality
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019
Externally publishedYes



  • affect
  • emergency department
  • nurse
  • patient engagement
  • self-care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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