Objectives Inflammatory breast carcinoma (IBC) is rare but is the most lethal type of breast cancer. Programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression in IBCs has been understudied. Methods In this study, tissue microarrays of 68 IBCs were immunostained with a PD-L1 antibody using an antibody clone (28-8) and detection system approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for selecting patients with non-small cell lung cancer and melanoma for anti-PD-L1 therapy. Results Positive PD-L1 expression was found in 25 (36.8%) of 68 samples but was not significantly associated with the clinicopathologic variables examined. Univariate analysis of overall survival (OS) revealed that worse OS was significantly associated with positive PD-L1, negative estrogen receptor, and triple-negative status. The 5-year OS rate was 36.4% for patients with PD-L1-positive IBC and 47.3% for those with PD-L1-negative IBC. In multivariate analyses, PD-L1 status remained a statistically independent predictor of OS. Conclusions These findings indicate that PD-L1 inhibitors could potentially improve the clinical outcome of patients with PD-L1-positive IBC.
- Inflammatory breast cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine