External Cephalic Version: Singleton Fetus

Gary D.V. Hankins

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProtocols for High-Risk Pregnancies
Subtitle of host publicationAn Evidence-Based Approach
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9781405196505
StatePublished - Jul 9 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Breech presentation at term - complicating 3-4% of pregnancies
  • Careful assessment of fetal presentation - in third trimester
  • Event of failed version, counseled on risks and benefits of treatment options
  • Exclusion criteria - for performing external cephalic version
  • External cephalic version - singleton fetus
  • External cephalic version - with two operators and with a single operator
  • Factors contributing to breech presentation - gestational age, multiple gestation, polyhydramnios, oligohydramnios
  • Leopold maneuvers - performed at each clinic visit in third trimester
  • Term breech trial collaborative group results

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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