Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation During Pregnancy

Luis D. Pacheco, Amir A. Shamshirsaz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the last 2 decades, the use of venovenous (VV) and venoarterial (VA) extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) during pregnancy and the postpartum period has increased, mirroring the increased utilization in nonpregnant individuals worldwide. VV ECMO provides respiratory support for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) who fail conventional mechanical ventilation. With the COVID-19 pandemic, the use of VV ECMO has increased dramatically and data during pregnancy and the postpartum period are overall reassuring. In contrast, VA ECMO provides both respiratory and cardiovascular support. Data on the use of VA ECMO during pregnancy are extremely limited.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-162
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
  • pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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